Friday, March 23, 2018

“The Destroying Angel”

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Orin Porter Rockwell

For those familiar with the life of Orin Porter Rockwell will know that this is his nickname. When was he tagged with this nickname?
a.                  When Joseph Smith knew him as a boy in Palmyra, New York
b.                  After the Saints moved to the Salt Lake Valley
c.                   At the time of the attempted murder of Governor Boggs
d.                  At the time of the Saints expulsion from Missouri
Yesterday’s answer:
A.                   Protect mail routes
From the life of Albert Wesley Davis:   In the spring of 1862 he went east as a member of the expedition sent out to guard the mail lines under Lot Smith.

Jenson, Andrew, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia (Salt Lake City: Andrew Jensen History Company, 1914), 2: 410.

Thursday, March 22, 2018

Utah’s Contribution to the Civil War

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How did Utah contribute to the Civil War under the command of Lot Smith?
a.                  Protect mail routes
b.                  Invade Missouri
c.                   Spy for the Union
d.                  Sent missionaries to proclaim peace
Yesterday’s answer:
A.                  1841
William Smith had an interest in the print business that can be traced to a proposed weekly newspaper titled the Nauvoo Ensign and Zarahemla Standard. Although the Ensign and Standard never became newsprint due to the untimely death in August 1841 of Smith’s brother Don Carlos, proposed editor of the publication, the decision to halt the paper before it commenced was fraught with complications. The largest issue was what to do about subscribers who had prepaid for copies of the Ensign and Zarahemla. The strong solicitation of subscribers or friends, as William Smith called them, “induced [him] to publish” a new paper in Nauvoo. The Wasp, first printed on April 16, 1842, was begun to appease disgruntled subscribers of the Ensign and Zarahemla.

The Prophet, The Latter-day Saint Experience in the East, 1844-1845, Susan Easton Black (BYU Studies, Vol. 53, Number 2, 2014), 142.

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

The First Ensign

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Today we as members of the Church enjoy the Ensign. In it we read the words of the prophets and apostles and serves to strengthen our testimonies. The Ensign we read today wasn’t the first. When did the first publication with Ensign in its title almost first appear (that’s right, it never published)?
a.                  1841
b.                  1830
c.                   1869
d.                  1922
Yesterday’s answer:
D. A whip
The first trail incident occurred in the Brigham Young vanguard pioneer company of 1847 and involved fighting with a whip. According to Thomas Bullock, one morning in June as the Vanguard Company was preparing to pack for another day of travel, he was approached by George Brown, who told him that “Captains orders” were to make sure the cattle were safe.
“I told him I would go myself as quick as I could put the things away, which took me about 5 or 10 minutes at the outside. I then started after the Cattle, saw them all, & then met G. Brown & told him I had seen them all—he asked why I had not gone when he told me—‘instead of idling & fooling away your time half an hour.’ I replied, ‘O Good God, what a lie, if you say I have been idling or fooling half an hour’. . . . he then struck me with his Whip. Saying ‘I am ready for a fight, for I’d as leave fight as not. I said ‘you shall hear of this again. For I shall tell the Dr.’, he up with his fist to strike me, saying ‘You may tell the Dr. as soon as you like’. But I got out of the reach of his arm, & so avoided another blow. George Brown has lied to, and about the Lord’s anointed many times, I have been more abused, & reviled. By him, than any other person, he has now struck me with his whip. And I now pray that the Lord God of Israel may reward him according to his evil deeds, & punish him until he repent & forsake his evil ways.”

Violence and Disruptive Behavior on the Difficult Trail to Utah, 1847-1868, David L. Clark (BYU Studies, Vol. 53, Number 4, 2014), 92.

Tuesday, March 20, 2018

They Didn’t Always see Eye to Eye

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As much as the pioneers had to rely on each other and act as a team to make it to the Salt Lake Valley, they didn’t always see eye to eye. We are human and so shouldn’t be surprised that there were arguments and fights on the trail west. The first recorded fight happened in Brigham Young’s group and involved Thomas Bullock and George Brown. What was the nature of the fight?
a.                  Words only
b.                  Fists
c.                   Guns
d.                  A whip
Yesterday’s answer:
B.   Oliver Cowdery and Hyrum Smith
In accordance with the Lord’s requirement that “in the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established,” the Lord instituted the office of assistant (sometimes called associate) president of the Church. Although various counselors to the Prophet Joseph Smith were referred to as “assistant presidents,” only two men in this dispensation have held the specific calling to preside over the Church jointly with the president. These men were Oliver Cowdery and Hyrum Smith.
On 5 December 1834 Oliver Cowdery was ordained assistant president of the Church. He had been a participant in many of the great events of the Restoration and from Peter, James, and John had received, jointly with Joseph Smith, the priesthood keys necessary to preside over the Lord’s kingdom on earth. Elder Bruce R. McConkie explains that “as the Assistant President, Oliver ranked second in authority to the Prophet. He stood ahead of the counselors in the first Presidency and ahead of the Council of the Twelve. . . Thus is the Prophet had died, Oliver Cowdery would have been the President of the Church.”
Following President Cowdery’s apostasy from the Church, the Lord revealed that Hyrum Smith was to succeed him as a joint witness with Joseph: “And from this time forth I appoint unto him that he may be a prophet, and a seer, and a revelator unto my church, as well as my servant Joseph; that he may act in concert also with the my servant Joseph.”
President Joseph Fielding Smith wrote: “I am firmly of the opinion that had Oliver Cowdery remained true to his covenants and obligations as a witness with Joseph Smith, and retained his authority and place, he, and not Hyrum Smith, would have gone with Joseph Smith as a prisoner and to martyrdom at Carthage. The sealing of the testimony through the shedding of Blood would not have been complete in the death of the Prophet Joseph Smith alone; it required the death of Hyrum Smith who jointly held the keys of this dispensation.”
Because the Church was fully established and the two witnesses had left their binding testimony of its truth, the necessity for the office of assistant president of the Church had been fulfilled. Thus this office is no longer found in the Church organization.

Flake, Lawrence R., Prophets and Apostles of the Last Dispensation, (Provo, Utah: Religious Study Center, Brigham Young University, 2001), 4-5.

Monday, March 19, 2018

The Only Two Men to Hold this Position in the Church

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Who are the only two men in the Church to hold the position of assistant president of the Church?
a.                  Brigham Young and David Patton
b.                  Oliver  Cowdery and Hyrum Smith
c.                   Martin Harris and Joseph Smith Sr.
d.                  Hyrum Smith and Samuel Smith
Yesterday’s answer:
D.   Dressed in extra clothes
The following is in reference to the weight each person was allotted to load into the handcarts: Each person was allowed seventeen pounds of baggage, which included bedding, extra clothing, and cooking utensils. A member of the first handcart company of 1856, Mary Ann Jones, wrote: “Some wanted to take more than the allotted portion and put on extra clothes; thus many who were real thin became suddenly stout and as soon as the weighing was over, put their extra clothes back on the handcarts. But that did not last long. In a few days we had to have all weighed again and many were found with much more weight on the carts than allowed. One old sister carried a teapot and colander on her apron string all the way to Salt Lake. Another carried a hat box full of things, but she died on the way.”
Stewart E. Glazier and Robert S. Clark, Journey of the Trail (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1997), 7.

Sunday, March 18, 2018

Cheating the Weigh-in

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The handcart Saints were allowed no more than 17 Ibs. each of belongings (this included bedding and cooking utensils). The handcart captains were serious about the limit. They knew what the handcarts would be passing through and because they knew this, instituted a weigh-in. Today we own more junk then we are willing to admit. One look in the garage knowing that the family vehicle can’t fit in the garage might clue us into this. Knowing how we attach ourselves to our stuff, I’m sure we all agree that we would be horrible handcart saints. Seventeen lbs. is nothing, even for those days. Knowing this, what did the Saints do to cheat the weigh-in?
a.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Hide belongings and load them on latter after the weigh-in
b.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Have relatives send by pony express packages of belongings to the Salt Lake Valley
c.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Protest until the hand cart captains gave in
d.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Dressed in extra clothes
Yesterday’s answer:
D   William Bernhisel
From the life of John M. Bernhisel:   When he was forty-four, Bernhisel was sealed to ten deceased female friends and relatives by Joseph Smith, but he did not enter into a temporal marriage until 1845, when he married Julia Ann Haight Van Orden, a forty-year-old widow with six children.

Richard S. Van Wagoner and Steven C. Walker, A Book of Mormons, (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1982), 16.

Saturday, March 17, 2018

Sealed Before he was Married

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Who was sealed to 10 deceased women before he was married in 1845?
a.                  Brigham Young
b.                  George A. Smith
c.                   Amasa Lyman
d.                  William Bernhisel
Yesterday’s answer:
C   Received their patriarchal blessings together
Usually, but not always, a husband and wife received their patriarchal blessings on the same day. A small number of individuals received more than one patriarchal blessing. For example, a person might receive a patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr. and later an additional blessing from William Smith. Hyrum Smith sometimes ordained men to priesthood offices when he gave patriarchal blessings.

Marquardt, H. Michael, Early Patriarchal Blessings of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: The Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2007), xi.

Friday, March 16, 2018

Not Always, but Sometimes

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Joseph Smith Sr.

Not always, but sometimes husbands and wives would do this in the early church at the time of Joseph Smith Sr.. What was it?
a.                  Married by Brother Smith
b.                  Received a second baptism at the hand of Father Smith
c.                   Received their Patriarchal Blessings together under the hands of Patriarch Smith
d.                  Home and visit taught together under the insistence of Joseph Smith Sr.
Yesterday’s answer:
A.                   He was converted into the church
From the life of Abel Smart:   Brother Smart was married Sept. 20, 1869, and ordained an Elder the same day by Samuel H. Smith; was ordained a High Priest March 27, 1883, by George Barber, and was associated with the High Priests’ quorum of Cache county from 1883 to 1889, moving then to Ovid, Bear Lake county, Idaho, where he entered the High Priest’ quorum: he was called to labor in the Logan Temple by President John Taylor, remaining there till the latter part of 1885, when the raids of the enemy became so persistent that Brother Smart went into retirement. He had a hard time of it, living chiefly in the mountains and not sleeping in a house for two years; at one time he got snowed in between Bear Lake and Cache counties and for three days and nights had no food or shelter; one of his feet was frozen and he contacted pneumonia, from which he has never fully recovered. The deputy marshals were quite active in searching his premises and on one occasion he was within three feet of them, but their intended victim escaped. It is worthy of note that when Brother Smart left home it was to make a trip around the world. Hearing at Omaha of Brigham Young and the Great Salt Lake he headed this way, heard the truth and embraced it.

Andrew Jenson, LDS Biographical Encyclopedia (Salt Lake City: Andrew Jenson History Company, 1914), 33.