Wednesday, August 15, 2018

A Hasty Decision

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In 1867 the Captain of the emigrant ship Manhattan made a hasty decision that could have long affect emigrant Martha Webb. What was the issue?
a.                  She stowed away and was discovered. The Captain wanted to throw her overboard.
b.                  She didn’t have enough money and the Captain wasn’t going to let her board
c.                   The Captain was refusing any Mormons on his ship
d.                  The Captain wanted to bury her dead son at sea
Yesterday’s answer:
D   Half of the $1.6 million Perpetual Emigration Fund would be forgiven
In 1880 LDS Church President John Taylor proclaimed that the fiftieth anniversary of the organization of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints should be celebrated with a great jubilee year for all Church members. Following the custom of ancient Israel, it was to be a year of rejoicing and forgiveness of debts. In April Conference President Taylor announced that the Church would forgive one-half of the $1,604,000 indebtedness to the Perpetual Emigrating Fund.
In addition, 1,000 good cows and 5,000 sheep were distributed to the poor. Since the previous year had been a dry one, the Relief Society voted to loan part of their stored wheat to needy farmers. Individuals were asked to relieve their distressed debtors, and ZCMI was urged to cancel the debts of the honest poor. A lavish Pioneer Day parade and gathering in the tabernacle capped off the celebration.

International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Museum Memories (Talon Printing: Salt Lake City, 2011), 3: 108.

Tuesday, August 14, 2018

A General Conference Bombshell

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We’ve become accustomed to large announcements during General Conference, the most recent being 18-year old elders and 19-year old sister missionaries. What was the bombshell during the April 1880 conference?
a.                  The Word of Wisdom would become a temple recommend requirement
b.                  20-year old elders and 25-year old sister missionaries
c.                   Tithing would become a temple recommend requirement
d.                  Half of the $1.6 million Perpetual Emigration Fund would be forgiven
Yesterday’s answer:
B   William Folsom
The Salt Lake Tabernacle, finished in 1867, was considered one of the most remarkable buildings in the world. William Folsom also played an important role in the design and construction of the Seventies Hall of Science, the Provo Tabernacle, and the Salt Lake, Logan and Manti temples, as well as in the building of many private structures, including the Gardo House.
The Second Empire architecture of the “Gardo” with its mansard roof, arched dormer and elaborate bay windows, tower, and veranda, may have been a reflection of William H. Folsom’s familiarity with the architecture of the East that was in vogue at that time. But Folsom had more than a professional interest in the famous Gardo House. He was also one of Brigham Young’s fathers-in-law, since Young had married Amelia Folsom.

International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Museum Memories (Talon Printing: Salt Lake City, 2011), 3: 13.

Monday, August 13, 2018

Brigham Young’s Father-in-law

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Obviously Brigham Young had a number of Father-in-laws. Which one of the listed men below was his Father-in-law?
a.                  Porter Rockwell-sheriff and marksman
b.                  William Folsom-architect of Tabernacle and Temples
c.                   Parley P. Pratt-missionary extraordinaire
d.                  Hyrum Smith-devout brother of the prophet Joseph Smith  
Yesterday’s answer:
C   She sang as she crossed the plains in her wooden shoes
From the life of Henrietta Cecelia (Carlson) Neilson Beckstrand:   The people of Malmo, Sweden were very receptive to the message of the missionaries from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and all except two of her sisters were converted and baptized. Henrietta came to America first. Her step father made her a new pair of wooden shoes and transferred $76.00 to America which was to pay for needs to cross the Plains. She never did receive the $76.00 so she had to rely on the kindness of others. She crossed the Plains in the John Murdock Company and walked the entire distance in wooden shoes. She was lonely, but she sang her hours away and became known as the “Songbird in Wooden Shoes.” After they arrived in Utah, she went to live with her grandmother Carlson who was in Fillmore, Utah.

International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude, (Publisher Press, 1998), 1:202.

Sunday, August 12, 2018

The “Songbird in Wooden Shoes”

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Why was Henrietta Carlson referred to as the Songbird in wooden shoes?
a.                  She wore wooden shoes while singing in the Mormon Tabernacle choir
b.                  She wore wooden shoes and sang as she did her house work
c.                   She sang as she crossed the plains in her wooden shoes
d.                  She sang on her way to church as she walked in her wooden shoes
Yesterday’s answer:
C   The cabins Brigham Young made for his wives
On Oct. 23 [1848], Eliza [R. Snow] recorded in her journal that she moved in with Johnathan and Elvira Holmes in the fort, staying until the following June. Clara Decker Young had gone to live with her mother, and the Pierces moved into their cabin. Then, June 28, 1849, Eliza moved into one of a row of log houses that Brigham Young had built for his wives near City Creek. The buildings were actually known as the “Log Row.”

Lesson Committee, Museum Memories-Daughters of Utah Pioneers, (Salt Lake City, Talon Printing, 2010), 2: 358.

Saturday, August 11, 2018

Log Row

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What was “Log Row” in Salt Lake City in 1849?
a.                  The cabins built in the fort when the Saints first arrived in the valley
b.                  Salt  Lakes first Restaurant
c.                   The cabins that Brigham Young built for his wives
d.                  The name of the first saw mill in the valley
Yesterday’s answer:
A.   A combined couch/bed
Because Utah pioneer furniture makers were influenced by the popular styles in Europe and New England, no uniquely regional pieces or designs developed, with the possible exception of the Mormon couch. This double or single lounge was used as a sofa bed and was produced by most early Utah cabinet shops.
These lounges were usually about six feet long with seats wide enough to serve as beds for overnight guests. The seat consisted of wooden slats parallel to the arms. A cushion or folded comforter was placed on the seat to serve as a mattress. Cushions could also be placed along the backrest to provide comfortable daytime seating.
Double lounges had an extra pair of front legs and slats, which alternated with those in the platform. This section could be pulled forward to make a double bed. These were often called bishop’s couches, as the bishops of the Latter-day Saint wards often furnished lodging got visiting Church authorities and new settlers.

Lesson Committee, Museum Memories-Daughters of Utah Pioneers, (Salt Lake City, Talon Printing, 2010), 2: 274-275.

Friday, August 10, 2018

The Mormon Couch

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What was the Mormon Couch
a.                  A combined bed/couch
b.                  An extra long couch for polygamous family’s
c.                   The original love seat
d.                  A green couch with orange stripes
Yesterday’s answer:
B   Hawaii
The history of the Samoan mission actually commenced twenty-six years before its official opening with a story unique in the annals of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Kimo Belio, a fifty-five-year-old married man with a family, and Samuel Manoa, a single man about twenty-seven years of age, left the Hawaiian Islands under the instructions of Walter M. Gibson on December 23, 1862, to go to Samoa and begin preaching the gospel.
Both men were elders in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, having ben ordained during an earlier period by Church leaders in the Hawaii Mission. What they did not know at that time was that Gibson had acted without official Church sanction, and they, unknowingly, had accepted what amounted to counterfeit calls.
In 1857, Johnston’s army had been marching toward Salt Lake City to put down a supposed rebellion on the part of the Mormons against the United States government. It was soon obvious, however, that the charges were false. But while the troops were approaching the Utah Territory, there had been great anxiety on the part of Church officials, and all missionaries were recalled to defend and take care of their families.
Walter Murray Gibson joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Utah on January 15, 1860, and on June 30 of the following year, he arrived in Hawaii. Finding no Utah elders in Hawaii, the enterprising Gibson went about directing things as he saw fit.
After setting up headquarters at Palawai on the island of Lanai, he proclaimed himself “Chief President of the Islands of the Sea and of the Hawaiian Islands for the Church of Latter-day Saints.” He then led members in Hawaii to believe that the leaders of the Church had succumbed to the attacks of Johnston’s army and that there no longer existed a Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, except to the extent that it had survived in Hawaii. The illegitimate scheme he hatched was to sell offices in the Church-the higher the office, the more money or goods it would cost an individual.
It turned out that Kimo Belio, who left with Samuela Manoa for Samoa, had been ordained as one of Gibson’s apostles. All of those activities were, of course, illegitimate and disapproved of by the leadership of the Church; and as soon as Church leaders became aware, of the situation, they sent a delegation to Hawaii for the purpose of making necessary corrections. On March 27, 1864, Apostles Ezra T. Benson and Lorenzo Snow, along with Elders Joseph F. Smith, Alma L. Smith, and William Cluff, arrived in Hawaii and held Church court proceedings in which Gibson was excommunicated.
Although members of the Church in Hawaii were informed of the fraud that had been perpetrated on them, Gibson retained, in his own name, all of the properties that he had taken from the people and the land that had been purchased with their funds. Needless to say, the people and the Church were cheated out of considerable assets.
Soon, the missionaries were able to return to Hawaii, and the two faithful missionaries were still serving in faraway Samoa seemed to go largely unnoticed for many, many years.
Although Walter Murray Gibson had proved unfaithful in Hawaii and made callings without authority, the early Hawaiian missionaries whom he sent to Samoa were faithful in the performance of their duties. Much credit is due them, as well as to their families who made some very personal sacrifices for the sake of the work.
Church records indicate that sixty or seventy individuals were baptized as a result of the proselytizing efforts of Belio and Manoa. Their work, however, was confined to the island of Tutuila, though some of those baptized had homes in Upolu, which opened up the way for those who had accepted the gospel-or at least the basic precepts of it-to induce the doctrine in Upolu before the first official Mormon missionaries arrived.
As the years passed, and with little attention given to them, the members who had been converted and baptized by Belio and Manoa slowly drifted away. As for Belio, he died at Tula, Tutuila, on June 3, 1876, at the age of sixty-four. A faithful member of the Church, he had accomplished an admirable work. Manoa, left to fend for himself, took a Samoan wife in 1868 and in 1876 was a forty-one-year-old man with a family.
After Belio’s death, Manoa continued to hold Church meetings until November 3, 1882, when he met with a dynamite-fishing accident that confined him to his home for fifteen months. During that period, natives who had belonged to the Church joined other denominations. For the next six years or until 1888, the preaching of the gospel in Samoa was at a standstill.
One day while aboard a large sailing vessel for the purpose of piloting it safely into the harbor at Pago Pago, Manoa was invited by the captain to go below to the ship’s mess and prepare himself some breakfast. While in the process of kindling the fire, he noticed the name of the Church in a newspaper article about one of its semi-annual general conferences in Salt Lake City. From it, Manoa concluded that the Church did, indeed still exist that the stories Gibson had told them were not true. Since he had lost his right hand in the fishing accident, he asked the captain to help him write a letter to President John Taylor.
Manoa’s letter requesting that missionaries be sent to Samoa arrived at church headquarters in Salt Lake City about nine months later. Unfortunately, it was referred back to the mission president in Hawaii. Since the president of the Hawaiian Mission was total unaware of any missionary activity taking place in that remote location, he simply filed the letter for future reference. There it remained for several years.
In 1887 when Joseph Dean was serving his second mission in the Hawaiian Islands with his second wife, Florence, he discovered that letter. He immediately initiated a series of inquiries that eventually led to his being called as the first official missionary in Samoa.
Knowing that he was probably going to extend his mission from Hawaii to Samoa, Dean made a number of attempts to prepare himself. And entry from his journal read:
“I found out today that there are Samoans here. At sundown, I found them and inquired if they would sell me any Samoan books. They had a Bible, which they would not sell, but I borrowed it and have spent the evening reading it. I am quite disappointed to find that the language is quite different from the Hawaiian. It will take a good while to get it.”
On June 7, 1888, Joseph Henry Dean, Florence Ridges Dean, and Jasper, the couple’s four-month-old baby, sailed from Hawaii on the Alameda. They arrived at the western end of the island of Tutuila on June 17. Since the ship could not enter the harbor, Manoa had made arrangements for a small boat to pick up the Dean family.
After an exhausting three-day wait for favorable winds to return and a harrowing boat trip from Poloa (a small village where they stayed with a native chief by the name of Tauili’ili), they were rowed around the north shore to Tutuila with a stop at Vatia. They bedded down in Onenoa on the northeast corner of the island. They left that place the next morning at 6:30 a.m., arriving at Aunu’u at 11 a.m. Though it was only a distance of one mile, it took them that long to get there because of the rough sea.
On June 21, 1888, the Deans were warmly welcomed by Manoa and his wife Fa’asopo and other members of the village.
Joseph H. Dean told Manoa to invite the people of Aunu’u to the first official Church meeting to be held on Sunday morning, June 24, 1888. In reference to that meeting, he penned the following in his journal:
“The house was crowded and the porch full of people anxious to see and hear. What a consolation it would have been if I could have spoken to them in their own tongue. Manoa gave out a hymn beginning with the words,” Jesu, e ou le aso sa,” Everyone, young and old, knew that hymn by heart and joined in singing it with a spirit and gusto that was not only inspired but almost startling. Manoa offered prayer. After another hymn, I spoke to them for forty minutes as best I could through Manoa as an interpreter. I explained in a general way the object of my coming to Samoa and the character of the work I had come to represent. They seemed much interested and paid attention.”

Lesson Committee, Museum Memories-Daughters of Utah Pioneers, (Salt Lake City, Talon Printing, 2010), 2: 208-211.

Thursday, August 9, 2018

Church callings for Sale

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Where, during the 1860s, were church callings put up for sale? The higher the office the higher the price.
a.                  Canada
b.                  Hawaii
c.                   Australia
d.                  Germany
Yesterday’s answer:
C   Porter Rockwell
Orrin Porter Rockwell, legendary bodyguard of Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, was known for his flowing hair, piercing eyes, and keen marksmanship. He died with this boots on in 1878 at the age of sixty-five. At the time of his death he had been an active member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints longer than any other person up to that time, having become the youngest member of the Church when he was baptized on April 6, 1830, at age sixteen.

Lesson Committee, Museum Memories-Daughters of Utah Pioneers, (Salt Lake City, Talon Printing, 2010), 2: 129.

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

The Longest Member of the Church

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In 1878, who was the longest member of the Church?
a.                  Brigham Young
b.                  Martin Harris
c.                   Porter Rockwell
d.                  Parley P. Pratt
Yesterday’s answer:
A   “A clean spirit cannot dwell in a dirty body”
From the life of Seymour Bicknell Young:   He always had to travel by horse and buggy. It required a full day to travel to Bountiful or Murray, requiring him to always be on the move. He taught his family and patients that keeping the body clean was of great importance. “A clean spirit cannot dwell in an unclean body” was taught over and over again. 

Lesson Committee, Museum Memories-Daughters of Utah Pioneers, (Salt Lake City, Talon Printing, 2010), 2: 79.