Monday, June 11, 2012

A General Conference Relocation

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Which buildings were general conference held in from October 1942 to the end of World War II?

A)                 The Assembly Hall and the Solemn Assembly Room in the Salt Lake Temple

B)                 The Salt Palace and the Joseph Smith Memorial Building

C)                 The State Building and the Gardo House

D)                 The Hotel Utah and the Assembly Hall

Yesterday’s answers:

1.      (C) Governor Safford of Arizona

The following is in reference to a mission to Mexico that J.Z. Stewart, Isaac J. Stewart, Helman Pratt, Louis Garff, George Terry, and Meliton G. Trejo took in 1876.

They took the route through Southern Utah, up the Little Colorado, southwest to Prescott, then to Phoenix. Their entire journey was punctuated by frequent stops to preach along the way wherever an opportunity presented itself. Traveling to Tucson they contacted Governor Safford, who welcomed them into Arizona and expressed his desire that the Mormons settle as much as possible in the state, since they were an aggressive, successful class of colonizers and made a wholesome type of citizen.

Peace Like A River, The Historical and Spiritual Journey of The Isaac M. Stewart Family, Compiled and Edited By David H. Epperson (Salt Lake City, 2007), 110-111.

2.      a) Iowa

If any one state and Governor treated the Saints with fairness, it would be Governor Lucas of Iowa Territory.

Executive Office, Iowa,

Burlington, March, 1839.

Dear Sir:--On my return to this city, after a few weeks absence in the interior of the territory, I received your letter of the 25th ult., in which you give a short account of the sufferings of the people called Mormons, and ask "whether they could be permitted to purchase lands and settle upon them in the territory of Iowa, and there worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences, secure from oppression," &c.

   In answer to your inquiry, I would say that I know of no authority that can constitutionally deprive them of this right. They are citizens of the United States, and are entitled to all the rights and privileges of other citizens. The 2nd section of the 4th article of the Constitution of the United States (which all are solemnly bound to support,) declare that "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states;" this privilege extends in full force to the territories of the United States. The first amendment to this constitution of the U.S. declares that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof."

   The Ordinance of Congress of the 13th July, 1787, for the government of the territory northwest of the river Ohio, secures to the citizens of said territory and the citizens of the states thereafter to be formed therein, certain privileges which were, by the late act of Congress organizing the territory of Iowa, extended to the citizens of this territory. The first fundamental article in that ordinance, which is declared to be forever unalterable, except by common consent, reads as follows, to wit: "No person demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious sentiments in said territory." These principles I trust will ever be adhered to in the territory of Iowa. They make no distinction between religious sects. They extend equal privileges and protection to all; each must rest upon its own merits and will prosper in proportion to the purity of its principles, and the fruit of holiness and piety produced thereby.

   With regard to the peculiar people mentioned in your letter, I know but little. They had a community in the northern part of Ohio for several years, and I have no recollection of ever having heard in that state of any complaint against them for violating the laws of the country. Their religious opinions I conceive have nothing to do with our political transactions. They are citizens of the United States, and are entitled to the same political rights and legal protection that other citizens are entitled to.

   The foregoing are briefly my views on the subject of your inquiries.

With sincere respect,

I am your obedient servant, ROBERT LUCAS.

“Facts Relative to the Expulsion of the Mormon’s or Latter-day Saints, From the State of Missouri, Under the ‘Exterminating Order,’” John P. Greene (Cincinnati: R.P. Brooks, 1839).

3.      True

Thursday, March 11, 1875-Another stormy day.  President Young was tried for not paying his fine; and Chief Justice MacKean condemned him to 24 hours imprisonment in the penitentiary and 25 dollars fine. He went accompanied by Mayor [Daniel H.] Wells; and a large company stayed his time.

Kenneth W. Godfrey, Audrey M. Godfrey, and Jill Mulvay Derr, Women’s Voices: An Untold History of The Latter-day Saints, 1830-1900 (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1982), 302.

4.      (D)   He dismissed Judge McKean

Emmeline B. Wells shares this interesting insight in her journal dated March 16th, 1875:

A telegram reached us today stating Judge McKean’s removal from office, and the appointment of Parker from Missouri.

So, the question is, what were the circumstances leading to Chief Justice McKean’s removal from office:

Five days after Mckean sentenced Brigham Young to one day in jail and a $25 fine, a press dispatched from Washington D.C. announced his [McKean’s] removal from office “caused by what the president deemed fanatical and extreme conduct.”

Kenneth W. Godfrey, Audrey M. Godfrey, and Jill Mulvay Derr, Woman’s Voices-An Untold History of The Latter-day Saints: 1830-1900 (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1982), 303; B.H. Roberts, A Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Century I, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1930), 5:446-47.

Additional interesting information:

The following from Emmeline B. Wells journal of March 13, 1875:

Yesterday there was a petition of about nine hundred ladies taken to Gov. Axtell to see what he could do towards releasing President Brigham Young from his confinement in the penitentiary.

Kenneth W. Godfrey, Audrey M. Godfrey, and Jill Mulvay Derr,  Women’s Voices: An Untold History of The Latter-day Saints, 1830-1900 (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1982), 302.

5.      (B)   The case was tried  on the Sabbath

Emmeline B. Wells also wrote the following in her journal on April 1st, 1875, which just so happens to be a Sunday:

   They are trying George Reynolds for polygamy here in the district courts, today brought in a verdict of guilty, and found a flaw in the indictment being legally served, consequently it will be necessary to try the case again.

The government understood the significance of the Sabbath day to the Saints, so why would they call court to session? Obviously it was a case of unbridled authority with a side platter of immaturity.

Kenneth W. Godfrey, Audrey M. Godfrey, and Jill Mulvay Derr, Woman’s Voices-An Untold History of The Latter-day Saints: 1830-1900 (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1982), 306.

6.      (C)   One cent

Joseph Smith and Governor Dunklin advised the exiled people to continue seeking redress in the courts for the damages they had suffered. Efforts at criminal and civil prosecution in Jackson County, beginning in February 1834, failed because of the hostile climate at Independence, even with the state militia sometimes serving as a guard and with the presence at Independence of the state’s Mormon-friendly attorney general, Robert W. Wells. Receiving a change of venue to nearby Richmond, Ray County, leaders of the United Firm pressed for two test cases from events that had occurred in Independence on July 20, 1833. The charge of “trespass” was leveled against the Jackson County defendants both for assaulting Bishop Partridge and for destroying the house and press of W. W. Phelps. The two men claimed civil damages of $50,000 each. The circuit Court, in its July 1836 term at Richmond, ruled against the mob defendants, but the judge awarded Partridge the frivolous damages of “one cent” and Phelps “seven hundred and fifty Dollars.”

Joseph Smith Jr., History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1971), 1:476-78; “The Outrage in Jackson County, Missouri,” Evening and Morning Star 2, March 1834, 3; Ray County Circuit Court Record, A 245-248; Edward Partridge’s handwritten statement of damages. Edward Partridge, “In the Year of Our Lord,” 1-3, Church Archives; Ray County Circuit Court Record, July Term 1836, 249-50; see Max H. Parkin, “A History of the Latter-day Saints in Clay County” (PhD diss., Brigham Young University, 1976), 97-108.

7.      (A)   The Trail of Tears

It may seem somewhat ironic, but the Trail of Tears (the governments forced relocation of the Cherokees), beginning in May 1838, was just months prior to Lilburn W. Boggs extermination order to have the Saints displaced from the state of Missouri.

Introduction, BYU Studies 46, no. 4, (2007), 4.

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