Joseph Smith referred to Parley P. Pratt as what?
a. The Ram of the Mountains
b. The Archer of Paradise
c. The Lion of the Lord
d. The Defender of the Truth
a. The poles were burned by freezing saints crossing the plains
Even though the News expressed satisfaction with the Pony Express for the time being, its real hopes lay in the coming of the telegraph, which reached Utah in 1861 and made the Mormon capital just a wire’s tick from New York, Washington, and San Francisco. Maintaining this shrunken distance between Young’s remote empire and the outside world, however, proved difficult. In addition to the problems created by deep snowfalls, immigrants caught in snowstorms burned telegraph poles to keep from freezing, while other travelers apparently used the wire as a ferry cable across rivers. Indians, not always superstitious of the wires, were known to destroy the lines for various reasons, and herds of buffalo could play havoc with the new communication system. Consequently, telegraph wires in early Utah were often dead for days and sometimes weeks at a time.
Monte Burr McLaws, Spokesman for the Kingdom (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1977), 29-30.