Far West, Missouri
A) Ten cannons pointed right at them
B) The Saints forming an alliance with the local natives
C) An army totaling thousands of men
D) The city circled in fire and protected by heavenly angels
(D) Mark Twain
George Adams is responsible for the conversion of hundreds of converts but yet is an apostate to the church and was excommunicated. Shortly after the death of the prophet Joseph Smith he affiliated with James J. Strang, but also was excommunicated. In 1861 he founded the Church of the Messiah in New England and in 1866 moved to the Holy Land; Mark Twain described his encounter with the imperiled colony in his book Innocents Abroad. Adams eventually returned to the United States and died at Philadelphia in May 1880.
Peter Amann, “Prophet in Zion: The Saga of George J. Adams.” New England Quarterly 37 (1967), 477-500; Reed M. Holmes and G. J. Adams. The Forerunners (Independence, Mo.: Herald House, 1981), 19-53; Arnold K. Garr, Donald Q. Cannon, and Richard O. Cowan, Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 2000), 9.