a. The Angel Moroni on top of the Salt Lake Temple
b. Brigham Young
c. The Joseph Smith statue on Temple Square
d. Wilford Woodruff
(C) The rock was visited by early settlers on the 4th of July
The early pioneers relied on landmarks as they crossed the plains to ensure they were on the right course. One such land mark on the Mormon Trail is Independence Rock. It’s most definitely a geologic oddity. Listen to how it received its name.
Robert Stuart, the originator of the Oregon Trail, visited the site (Independence Rock) in 1812. Nevertheless, it was William Sublette who arrived at the granite dome on July 4, 1830, and gave it the name of America’s birthday. It was not uncommon for travelers on both the Oregon and Mormon Trails to try and arrive here on July the 4th of any given year.
Deseret News (Twila Van Leer and staff), The Great Trek (Salt Lake City: Wm. James Mortimer, 1997), 46.