Who did the Swedish Government hire in regards to the Mormons?
a. Heber C. Kimball to gather the Saints
b. The elders to solidify Swedish families
c. Ministers to speak out against the church
d. An anti-Mormon speaker
A A bullwhip
Bullwhips and whip-substitutes were most commonly used for driving the cattle that pulled the wagons. But on occasion the whip and even the butt of the whip were used as fighting implements. From 1847 to at least 1865, there were trail whippings of people for a variety of reasons. In addition, the whip was used as a threat against both friend and foe. On the more social side, the whip was used as an alarm clock. Ruth May Fox recalled that the crack of a whip on their little tent was the signal to get up and get ready for the day’s journey. “One crack of his whip on the tent or wagon cover, whether at 3 a.m. or 5a.m. meant roll out. . . . So get up my lads, gee, whoa, Push on, my lads, hi, ho, for there’s none can lead a life like we merry Mormons do.”
Violence and Disruptive Behavior on the Difficult Trail to Utah, 1847-1868, David L. Clark (BYU Studies, Vol. 53, Number 4, 2014), 95.