Eleazar Willis—wherever he chose.

             Deseret News, 2 May 1874

             “Now will it cause some of you to marvel that I was not ordained a high priest before I was ordained an apostle? Brother [Heber C.] Kimball and myself were never ordained high priests. How wonderful! I was going to say how little some of the brethren understood the priesthood, after the Twelve were called. In our early career in this Church, on one occasion, in one of our councils, we were telling about some of the Twelve wanting to ordain us high priests, and what I said to Brother Patten when he wanted to ordain me in York State: said I, “Brother Patten, wait until I can lift my hand to heaven and say. ‘I have magnified the office of an elder.’ After that our conversation was over in the council, some of the brethren began to query, and said we ought to be ordained high priests; at the same time I did not consider that an apostle needed to be ordained a high priest and elder, or a teacher. I did not express my views on the subject, at that time, but thought I would hear what brother Joseph would say about it. It was William E. McLellin who told Joseph that I and Heber were not ordained high priests, and wanted to know if it should not be done. Said Joseph, ‘Will you insult the Priesthood? Is that all the knowledge you have of the office of an apostle? Do you not know that the man who receives the apostleship receives all the keys that ever were, or that can be conferred upon mortal man? What are you talking about? I am astonished!’ Nothing more was said about it.”

             Millennial Star 1 Feb. 1852, pg. 35.

              589.     From the life of Vienna Jacques:   She was many things to the Church including serving as a witness at the first baptism for the dead in Nauvoo:

“In the summer of 1833, my youngest brother was born. When he was about three weeks old, mother sent me with Harriet to the spring for water, when I looked back and saw the house surrounded by an armed mob. We remained at the spring until they had gone. Then we got our water and went up to the house. They had taken father (George Simpson was their leader) up to Independence. We did not know what they were going to do with him; it might be kill him, as they had threatened. He had been put in prison once or twice before. After he had been gone awhile I was standing by the window looking the way the mob had gone, thinking of father, when I saw two men coming towards the house. One I knew. It was Albert Jackson, a young man. He was carrying a hat, coat, and vest. The other I thought was an Indian, and as they were coming right to the house, I was so frightened that I ran upstairs. When they came in, it was our dear father who had been tarred and feathered, giving him the appearance of an Indian. (Charles Allen was also tarred and feathered the same day.) They had done their work well for they had covered him with tar from head to foot except his face and the inside of his hands. I suppose hundreds witnessed the outrage. I have heard one woman affirm that she saw a bright light encircle his head while the mob was tarring him. I very well remember the clothes he had on when he went away. They were dark blue. I remember blankets were hung up around the fireplace to screen him while the tar was being scraped from him.”

             Thomas B. Marsh is another who accepted the gospel as he saw the proof sheets in the Grandin Print Shop pulled from the press. However, what’s amazing is the story of Solomon Chamberlain. Solomon resided in Lyons, New York.  In 1829, while traveling on the Erie Canal, he felt the Spirit convince him to leave the boat and venture into the town of Palmyra. He walked three miles south of the canal and stayed the night in a farm house. In the morning his host asked him if he was familiar or had heard of the “Gold Bible.” Solomon records, “There was a power like electricity went from the top of my head to the end of my toes.” Why would the mere mention of a book that he had never heard of before stir him to the core? Because, in 1816 he received a visitation from an angel declaring, “there would be a book come forth, like unto the Bible and the people would be guided by it, as well as the Bible.” The angel also taught him that the true gospel was not on the earth, but that it would soon be restored. For a few years Solomon had kept a constant watch for this book and now realized he was less than a mile from the Smith home. After receiving directions, Solomon eagerly made his way “across lots” to the Smith home. Arriving at the residence, Solomon found Joseph Smith Sr., Hyrum Smith, and Christian Whitmer. For two days Solomon received instructions from these men who also shared teachings from the Book of Mormon. Hyrum took him to the E. B. Grandin Printing Office where he was given 64 pages from the ancient record. He immediately recognized the pages in his hands as the book he had been searching for for a number of years. Hyrum Smith and Oliver Cowdery permitted him to take the pages to Canada and there began teaching the gospel truths that he had learned from an angel, the men at the Smith home, and the loose Book of Mormon transcript pages. Even though unordained, Solomon writes the following about his mission to Canada:

It is by no means improbable that some future textbook, for the use of generations yet unborn, will contain a question something like this: What historical American of the nineteenth century has exerted the most powerful influence upon the destinies of his countrymen? And it is by no means impossible that the answer to that interrogatory may be thus written: Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet. And the reply, absurd as it doubtless seems to most men now living, may be an obvious commonplace to their descendants. History deals in surprises and paradoxes quite as startling as this. The man who established a religion in this age of free debate, who was and is today accepted by hundreds of thousands as a direct emissary from the Most High,--such a rare human being is not to be disposed of by pelting his memory with unsavory epithets. Fanatic, imposter, charlatan, he may have been; but these hard names furnish no solution to the problem he presents to us. Fanatics and impostors are living and dying every day, and their memory is buried with them; but the wonderful influence which this founder of a religion exerted and still exerts throws him into relief before us, not as a rogue to be criminated, but as a phenomenon to be explained. The most vital questions Americans are asking each other today have to do with this man and what he has left us. Is there any remedy heroic enough to meet the case, yet in accordance with our national doctrines of liberty and toleration, which can be applied to the demoralizing doctrines now advanced by the sect which he created? The possibilities of the Mormon system are unfathomable. Polygamy may be followed by still darker "revelations." Here is a society resting upon foundations which may at any moment be made subversive of every duty which we claim from the citizen. Must it be reached by that last argument which quenched the evil fanaticisms of Mulhausen and Munster? A generation other than mine must deal with these questions. Burning questions they are, which must give a prominent place in the history of the country to that sturdy self-asserter whom I visited at Nauvoo.

             -Robert Horne records the following:

             629.   The Prophet [Joseph Smith] states the following:

             History of the Church, 5:267–68.


“About this time we began to hear more about the "Golden Bible" that had been found by "Joe Smith" the "money digger," etc., etc. My elder brother, David, having gone to visit Joel H. in Amherst, Ohio, had remained there until the next season, in the spring of which the first elders, going from Kirtland to Missouri, stopped and raised up a large branch of the Church into which both of my brothers were baptized. Previous to this, rumors had come from Ohio of the spread of what was called "Campbellism," a new sect, of which Sidney Rigdon was then the chief apostle, and through fear that my brothers would become deluded by the new doctrines, my mother had written a letter of caution to them, which was soon answered to say that they had both joined the "Mormonites" (then so called), believers in the Prophet Joseph Smith and the Book of Mormon or "Golden Bible." This news came upon us almost as a horror and a disgrace. The first news was soon followed by the Book of Mormon, accompanied by a lengthy explanation, on the receipt of which my mother, brother Seth, sister Nancy, and Lyman R. Sherman, with some of the neighbors, all devoted to religion, would meet together secretly to read the Book of Mormon and accompanying letter, or perhaps to deplore the delusion into which my brothers had fallen. But their reading soon led to marveling at the simplicity and purity of what they read, and at the spirit which accompanied it, bearing witness to its truth. After a few days of secrecy I was permitted to meet with them, to hear it read, being then 13 years of age; and in listening, a feeling of the most intense anxiety came over me to learn more. It seemed as if I must hear it all before I could be satisfied; and the principle of faith began to spring up in my heart to believe it. This was in the early fall of 1831. Now a bright hope began to arise in my heart that there really was a living prophet on the earth, and my greatest fear was that it would not prove true.
“About the first of April, 1843, the Prophet with some of the Twelve and others came to Macedonia to hold a meeting, which was to convene in a large cabinet shop owned by Brother Joseph E. and myself, and as usual he put up at my house. Early on Sunday morning he said, "Come Brother Bennie, let us have a walk." I took his arm and he led the way into a by-place in the edge of the woods surrounded by tall brush and trees. Here, as we sat down upon a log he began to tell me that the Lord had revealed to him that plural or patriarchal marriage was according to His law; and that the Lord had not only revealed it to him but had commanded him to obey it; that he was required to take other wives; and that he wanted my Sister Almira for one of them, and wished me to see and talk to her upon the subject. If a thunderbolt had fallen at my feet I could hardly have been more shocked or amazed. He saw the struggle in my mind and went on to explain. But the shock was too great for me to comprehend anything, and in almost an agony of feeling I looked him squarely in the eye, and said, while my heart gushed up before him, "Brother Joseph, this is all new to me; it may all be true--you know, but I do not. To my education it is all wrong, but I am going, with the help of the Lord to do just what you say, with this promise to you--that if ever I know you do this to degrade my sister I will kill you, as the Lord lives." He looked at me, oh, so calmly, and said, "Brother Benjamin, you will never see that day, but you shall see the day you will know it is true, and you will fulfill the law and greatly rejoice in it." And he said, "At this morning's meeting, I will preach you a sermon that no one but you will understand. And furthermore, I will promise you that when you open your mouth to your sister, it shall be filled."

"Elder Pratt gave a plain, simple narration of his early experience in the Church, relating many interesting incidents connected with its rise; explained the circumstances under which several revelations were received by Joseph, the Prophet, and the manner in which he received them, he being present on several occasions of the kind. Declared [that] at such times Joseph used the Seer-stone when inquiring of the Lord, and receiving revelation, but that he was so thoroughly endowed with the inspiration of the Almighty and the spirit of revelation that he often received them without any instrument, or other means than the operation of the spirit upon his mind. Referred to the testimony which he received of the truth of the great latter-day work while yet a boy. Testified that these things were not matters of belief only with him, but of actual knowledge. He explained the circumstances connected with the coming forth of the revelation on plural marriage. Refuted the statement and belief of those present that Brigham Young was the author of that revelation; showed that Joseph Smith the Prophet had not only commenced the practice himself, and taught it to others, before President Young and the Twelve had returned from their mission in Europe, in 1841, but that Joseph actually received revelations upon that principle as early as 1831. Said 'Lyman Johnson, who was very familiar with Joseph at this early date, Joseph living at his father's house, and who was also very intimate with me, we having traveled on several missions together, told me himself that Joseph had made known to him as early as 1831, that plural marriage was a correct principle. Joseph declared to Lyman that God had revealed it to him, but that the time had not come to teach or practice it in the Church, but that the time would come.' To this statement Elder Pratt bore his testimony. He cited several instances of Joseph having had wives sealed to him, one at least as early as April 5th, 1841, which was some time prior to the return of the Twelve from England. Referred to his own trial in regard to this matter in Nauvoo, and said it was because he got his information from a wicked source, from those disaffected, but as soon as he learned the truth, he was satisfied.


688.   The following incident related by Isaac Haight:
   “The spirit bore testimony to me of the truth and after close investigation I became convinced that God had set up his kingdom on the earth again and on the third day of March 1839 I and my wife were buried in the waters of baptism for the remission of sins, much to the mortification of our friends. Although the cold was severe--so much that our clothes froze stiff the moment we came out of the water -- yet our hearts were warm with the spirit of God.
   “Many reviled against the truth and tried to discourage us and turn us back from the truth to the weak and beggarly elements of the world. We had to go about a quarter of a mile to change our clothes, which when we had done we were confirmed as members of the Church of Latter-day Saints, and then Elder Brown ordained me an elder by the spirit of revelation.”
Autobiography and Journal of Isaac Haight, Typescript, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University; htpp://www.boap.org/

689.   Levi Hancock shares the following experience:
   “This was in the year of 1830 in the month of November. I preached from place to place where the folks were well acquainted with me. Not long after I came to Rome, lies began to circulate through the land concerning the church. This caused the people to be more cold. However, some believed that there was something on the doctrine worthy of notice.
   “In December I went about three miles west to work on a house laying the floors. It was white top plank, I had to match. I hired a Mr. Baldwin to help me. He was a good man and after we had laid the floor we concluded to make a fire and lie down until morning.
   “As I was praying a personage stood before me with a small yoke in his hands, said he, ‘this is the yoke of Christ.’ There were many lamps placed on the top of this small yoke. I thought it was the Lord talking to me and I felt willing to obey him and put forth my hand and laid it on one lamp and saw a smoke rise from it. I then touched two more and saw a blue blaze, then some more and some smoked and others burned blue. Three shone as bright as any lamp I ever saw in my life. He stood and held them a short time and then said, ‘These I will take into heaven and give you a sign that you may know that you are my servant.’ He then drew in his breath and blew in my face and said, ‘You will tarry till I come again.’ As he breathed on me, faith came, the heavens sent forth a shower of spirit, it took me in the face and filled me until I ran over with it. No person could feel better than I did. My spirit took its flight and left my body on the floor. I thought I was dead. All my senses were perfect and I realized many things that I am not able to write nor express with my tongue, I was told by the spirit to come back and bear testimony to the world of the truth of the work. I then entered into my body and told the vision to Mr. Baldwin. I told him how the lamps all went out but the three that burned so bright, and how smart and what a gentleman the personage was who came without anything on his head, with ruffles shirt to me, even Satan and how modest and innocent the man was who called himself the Lord. I saw tears run down from his eyes. I saw the unfortunate son who fell, when he tried to approach me the wave of my hand would cause him to go from me.”
Autobiography of Levi Hancock, Typescript, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University; http://www.boap.org/

690.   The following is in reference to the persecution during the Missouri years of the Church as told by Mosiah Hancock:
   “I can hold it no longer-----and I tell the truth when I say.....I saw a thing in the shape of a man grab an infant from its mother's arms and bash it's brains out against a tree! Two men got hold of me and had it their own way for awhile; but before they commenced, they told me I could pray. I rehearsed a part of a piece spoken by a young Indian, ‘the sun sets at night and the stars shun the day; but glory remains when twilight fades away. Begin ye tormentors, your threats are in vain; for the son of Alnasmak will never complain.’ They showed me no mercy! . . I could look upon my body, and I was far above them and was glad; for behold, I saw a personage draped in perfect white who said to me, ‘Mosiah, you have got to go back to the earth, for you have a work to do!’ How I ever came back I can never say!
Autobiography of Mosiah Hancock, Typescript, BYU-S; http://www.boap.org/

691.   Stakes were large in the early 1900’s. The Utah Stake had forty-nine Sunday Schools organized with a total enrollment of eleven thousand Saints.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Church History In The Fulness Of Time (Salt Lake City: Published by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1993), 459.

  692.   The forerunner to the Doctrine and Covenants was the Book of Commandments which was never published by the Church although The Church of Christ (Hedrickites) has published it. This church is a break-off from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and is centered in Independence, Missouri.
Berrett, William Edwin, The Restored Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1973), 102.

  693.   During construction of the Manti Temple, master mason Edward L. Parry had a dream in which he saw a workman fall off of some scaffolding. Bothered by the dream, Brother Parry immediately arose and went to the temple site and noticed a very important support rope that had broken free of the scaffolding. Because of his obedience to this warning no one was hurt.
The Manti Temple (Manti, Utah: Manti Temple Centennial Committee, 1988), 25.

694.   The following from James Little:
   “In the spring of 1850 I felt like making an effort to gather with the Saints in the mountains. This at first appeared impossible, as my animals had all strayed off, and I could not learn of their whereabouts.
   “I had concluded to remain another year, when I dreamed, for three nights in succession, where my oxen were, and went and got them. I found my other lost animals in the same manner.”
James A. Little, Jacob Hamblin in Three Mormon Classics, Preston Nibley, comp. (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1988), 217-218.

695.   The predecessor to the Institute of Religions was the Deseret Clubs operated by the Department of Education in the Church. These clubs were discontinued in 1970.
Berrett, William Edwin, The Restored Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1973), 307.

          696.   When there was some uncertainty as to where the Saints would eventually settle,    Brigham    Young and the Quorum of the Twelve sent a letter of inquiry to the Governor of Arkansas seeking permission to reside in that state. Being familiar with the situation in Missouri and Illinois, the Governor refused this request.
             Golder, Frank Alfred, The Mormon Battalion (New York: Century Press, 1928), 41, 46.

        697.   The first Latter-day Saint Boy Scout Troop to be organized  was in 1911 in the Waterloo Ward, Granite Stake by T. George Woods. This organization took place two years before the Church officially adopted the Boy Scouts of America.
            The Church News, Feb. 3, 1968.

     698. The following is William Cahoons first visit as a home teacher to the Prophet Joseph Smith and his family:
             “Before I close my testimony concerning this good man (Joseph Smith), I wish to mention one circumstance which I shall never forget. I was called and ordained to act as a ward teacher to visit the families of the Saints. I got along very well until I was obliged to pay a visit to the Prophet. Being young, only 17 years of age, I felt my weakness in the capacity of a teacher. I almost felt like shrinking from my duty.
             “Finally, I went to the door and knocked and in a minute the Prophet came to the door. I stood there trembling and said to him; ‘Brother Joseph, I have come to visit you in the capacity of a ward teacher, if it is convenient for you.’ He said, ‘Brother William, come right in. I am glad to see you. Sit down in the chair there and I will go and call my family in.’ They soon came in and took seats. The Prophet said, ‘Brother William, I submit myself and family into your hands,’ and took his seat. ‘Now, Brother William,’ said he, ‘Ask all the questions you feel like.’
             “By this time my fears and trembling had ceased and I said, ‘Brother Joseph, are you trying to live your religion?’ He answered, ‘Yes.’ I then said, ‘Do you pray in your family?’ He answered ‘Yes.’ ‘Do you teach your family the principles of the gospel?’ He replied, ‘Yes, I am trying to do it.’ ‘Do you ask a blessing on your food?’ He said he did. ‘Are you trying to live in peace and harmony with all your family?’ He said he was.
            “I turned to Sister Emma, his wife, and said, ‘Sister Emma, are you trying to live your religion? Do you teach your children to obey their parents? Do you try to teach them to pray?’ To all these questions she answered, ‘Yes, I am trying to do so.’ I then turned to Joseph and said, ‘I am now through with my questions as a teacher and now if you have any instructions to give, I shall be happy to receive them.’ He said, ‘God bless you Brother William, and if you are humble and faithful you shall have power to settle all difficulties that may come before you in the capacity of a teacher.’ I then left my parting blessing upon him and his family, as a teacher, and departed.
             Autobiography (1813-1878) in Stella Shurtleff and Brent Farrington Cahoon eds., Reynolds Cahoon and His Stalwart Sons (Salt Lake City: Paragon Press, 1960)

     699.   On June 6, 1846, a movement started at Warsaw to drive out the remaining Mormons at the point of the sword. The mob militia assembled at Golden Point for this purpose, but at this time it was rumored that Stephen Markham had returned to Nauvoo with several hundred armed men. As Markham’s name was a terror among his enemies, the mob hastily disbanded. Markham had returned to Nauvoo to remove some Church property but had brought no more than a few teamsters and wagons for that purpose.
             Berrett, William Edwin, The Restored Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1973), 226.

700.   The following from the journal of Warren Foote dated July 13, 1838 on his journey to join the Saints in Missouri:
   “13th. Today we traveled 13 miles and stopped to noon. While nooning they heard of a man, who wanted to hire hands to cut his wheat. The company concluded to stop and work awhile, as they were nearly out of money. The fact is we have been living on mush, and milk for a long time past: It has been mush and milk for breakfast, milk and mush for dinner, and for a change mush and milk for supper. When we commenced eating mush and milk for breakfast, I began to think that they would starve me out, as I could not eat enough to last me one hour, but before we got to this place, I could fill up, so as to stand it first rate.”
Autobiography of Warren Foote, Typescript, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University; http://www.boap.org/

    701.   Within a few years all the men who took part in that raid [the tarring and feathering of Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon at the John Johnson farm] had suffered a painful death. Miles Norton who poisoned the Johnson watch dog was killed by a ram in the barnyard, its spiral horn being thrust through Norton’s body. Warren Waste and Carnot Mason boasted of having bent the Prophet’s legs over his back, holding them in that position as he lay on the ground face downward. Waste was later killed by a falling log while he was building a house. Mason died from a spinal affliction that was “more painful than a Boston Crab.” The man who tried to pour the poison into the prophet’s mouth was buried alive while digging a well.
N.B. Lundwall, The Fate of the Persecutors of the Prophet Joseph Smith (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1952.), 72.

702.  “It was the disposition of the Prophet Joseph when he saw little children in the mud to take them up in his arms and wash the mud from their bare feet with his handkerchief. And oh how kind he was to the old folks as well as to little children. He always had a smile for his friends and was always cheerful.”
Autobiography of Mosiah Hancock, Typescript, BYU-S; http://www.boap.org/

   703.   John Corrill on Joseph Smith: “Thus I reasoned, and became satisfied, that it was just as consistent to look for prophets in this age as in any other. As to the person of Joseph Smith, Jr., he might as well be a prophet as anyone else, but it was said of him that he was a money hunter, and a bad man before he was called to be a prophet. So it was said of Moses, that he murdered a man, hid him in the sand, and ran away from justice, and while in this state God called him to be a prophet.”
John Corrill, A Brief History of the Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints (Commonly Called Mormons, Including an Account of their Doctrine and Discipline, with the Reasons of the Author for Leaving the Church) (St. Louis, n.p., 1839)

   704. In Nauvoo Joseph Smith was a confident and powerful speaker; in Fayette he was not. As with all men he had to grow up into the office that was his. Oliver Cowdery was called on to deliver the first public discourse in this dispensation. That took place five days later, on Sunday, at the home of Peter Whitmer Sr., where this revelation was received on the day the Church was organized.
Joseph Fielding McConkie and Craig J. Ostler, Revelations of the Restoration (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 2000), 178.

   705.   “I shall never forget the deep feeling of sympathy and regard manifested in the countenance of Brother Joseph as he drew nigh to Hyrum, and, leaning over him, exclaimed, ‘Oh! My poor, dear brother Hyrum!’ He, however, instantly arose, and with a firm, quick step, and a determined expression of countenance, approached the door, and pulling the six-shooter left by Brother Wheelock from his pocket, opened the door slightly, and snapped the pistol six successive times; only three of the barrels, however, were discharged. I after wards understood that two or three were wounded by these discharges, two of whom, I am informed, died.”
Joseph Smith Jr., History of the Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1950), 7:102.

   706.   “I travelled westward about 100 miles to the Mississippi River, where I took passage on a steamer to Nauvoo. I landed in the night. In the morning, I asked a young man where the Prophet lived. He pointed out the way to the residence of Joseph Smith, Jr., and said, ‘If you are going to see the Prophet, do not take any money with you. If you do, he will get it.’
   “I asked the youth if he was a ‘Mormon.’ He replied that he was, and that his father was a High Priest. I thought it strange that he should talk as he did.
   “As I passed along one of the streets of the town, I saw a tall, noble-looking man talking with another. An impression came over me that he was the person I was looking for. Inquiring of a bystander, I learned that my impression was correct.
   “One of the company asked the Prophet for some money he had loaned him. He replied that he would try and get it during the day. I offered him the money, but he said: ‘Keep your money. I will not borrow until I try to get what is owing me. If you have just come in and wish to pay your tithing, you can pay it to Brother Hyrum; he sees to that.’
   “I soon learned to discriminate between the different kinds of people who had gathered to Nauvoo. Some were living the lives of Saints; others were full of deceit and were stumbling-blocks in the way of those who were striving to do right.”
James A. Little, Jacob Hamblin in Three Mormon Classics, Preston Nibley, comp. (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1988), 207-208.

707. The following is in relation to the desertion of Carthage, Ill., after the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum Smith.
   “As soon as this was done the whole country was deserted; men, women and children fled for their lives, not taking time to shut their doors after them. Stores were left standing open and there was gloom cast over the country, so much that strangers passing through the country spoke of it. As I was out looking, I met a stranger. He ask me what was the matter. That everything looks so gloomy and lonesome. I told him that last evening (27th of June, 1844) Joseph Smith the Prophet and his brother Hyrum were murdered at Carthage Illinois, and the people here all fled and left the country and when the blood of a prophet is shed it has a tendency to cast a gloom over the country.”
Autobiography of Lewis Barney, http://www.boap.org/

   708.   “It seems that a party of the mob had come to Golding's Point [located between Nauvoo and Carthage] on their way to Nauvoo, and that messengers were sent to them to order them to disperse. At this, their leader, Colonel [Levi] Williams ordered all who were not willing to go to Carthage and kill the Smiths to lay down their arms, and the rest to step out together, saying now is the time or never. This was soon done, and the murderers disguised themselves by blacking their faces and started on their way to shed blood, and came to the place about 5 o'clock in the evening of the 27th [June, 1844].
   A young man named [William M.] Daniels, who had given up his gun, went with them, as he said to see what they would do, and was an eye witness to all that passed. He heard Wills say he had shot Hyrum. This Wills was one of the company of Saints (an Irish man) who came with me from England with his wife and two children. He was an elder in the Church. It is understood that he received a wound in the arm from a bullet by Brother Joseph. It took his wrist and ran up by the bone, of which wound he soon after died.”
Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979).

709.   Read how Gilbert Belnap describes the Kirtland Temple:
   “After listening to a long conversation between Abner [?] Cleveland and a man by the name of Colesburg about the locality of the town of Kirtland, and the beauty and construction of the Mormon Temple, prompted by curiosity and being of a roving disposition, I longed to form an acquaintance with that people and to behold their temple of worship. Accordingly, the third day after the conversation, I found myself on my way to see the wonders of the world constructed by the Latter-day Saints, commonly called Mormons.”
Autobiography of Gilbert Belnap, Typescript, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, http://www.boap.org/

710.     “These abuses, with many others of a very aggravated nature, so stirred up the indignant feelings of our people, that a party of them, say about 30, met a company of the mob of about double their number, when a battle took place in which some two or three of the mob and one of our people were killed. This raised as it were the whole county in arms, and nothing would satisfy them but an immediate surrender of the arms of our people, and they forthwith to leave the county--Fifty-one guns were given up, which have never been returned or paid for to this day.
   “It is here to be particularly noted, that Lilburn W. Boggs, then Lieutenant Governor, was acting in concert with the militia officer, who headed this attack upon the Mormons, and assisted in making the treaty by which they pledged themselves to give up their guns and leave the county, on condition that they should be protected from all wrong and insult while so doing.”
“Facts Relative to the Expulsion of the Mormon’s or Latter-day Saints, From the State of Missouri, Under the ‘Exterminating Order,’” John P. Greene (Cincinnati: R.P. Brooks, 1839).

    711.   “Joseph and Hyrum were Master Masons, yet they were massacred through the instrumentality of some of the leading men of that fraternity, and not one soul of them has ever stepped forth to administer help to me or my brethren belonging to the Masonic Institution, or to render us assistance, although bound under the strongest obligations to be true and faithful to each other in every case and under every circumstance, the commission of crime excepted.
     “Yes, Masons, it is said, were even among the mob that murdered Joseph and Hyrum in Carthage Jail. Joseph, leaping the fatal window, gave the Masonic signal of distress. The answer was the roar of his murderers’ muskets and the deadly balls that pierced his heart. . . .
   “. . . .When the enemy surrounded the jail, rushed up the stairway, and killed Hyrum Smith, Joseph stood at the open window, his martyr-cry being these words, “O Lord My God!” This was not the beginning of a prayer, because Joseph Smith did not pray in that manner. This brave, young man who knew that death was near, started to repeat the distress signal of the Masons, expecting thereby to gain the protection its members are pledged to give a brother in distress.”
E. Cecil McGavin, Mormonism and Masonry, (), 16-17.

   712.   “Our meetings were held in the printing office [Kirtland], or rather in a room under it. The room was not large enough to contain the people who came. It was quite a curiosity to see them coming so early almost as soon as light in order to get a seat. And finally they decided on taking their turns in staying away, as the weather was so cold, and it was unpleasant for those who stood outside. The females usually had seats. My husband worked for three months on the temple before it was dedicated, which was nearly the first he had ever done at the business.”
Kenneth W. and Audrey M. Godfrey, Jill Mulvay Derr, Women's Voices (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1982), 46-57.

  713.   In an effort to explain to non-Church members the true story of the Latter-day Saints people and to combat adverse publicity, the Church established the Temple Square Mission. As early as 1875, Charles J. Thomas, custodian of the Salt Lake Temple, then under construction, was assigned to meet tourists, show them around Temple Square, and answer their questions. He kept a book in which visitors to Temple Square could sign their names. In subsequent years, many famous people, including two presidents of the United States signed Brother Thomas’s register.
“Charles J. Thomas: Early Guide on Temple Square, Improvement Era, March 1963, pp. 167, 202-6.

   714.   The Twelve Apostles were promised that “in whatsoever place ye shall proclaim my name an effectual door shall be opened unto you, that they may receive my word” (D&C 112:19).  This promise was fulfilled the very day it was revealed, 23 July 1837, when Elder Heber C. Kimball and his companions were invited to preach in the Vauxhall Chapel in Preston, England, an invitation resulting in the first baptisms in the British Isles.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Church History In The Fulness Of Times (Salt Lake City: Published by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1993), 225.

715.   Sidney Rigdon converted Parley P. Pratt to the Reformed Baptist Church. A few years later, Parley P. Pratt returned the favor and converted Sidney Rigdon to the Church in 1830 during Parley P. Pratt’s first mission.
William W. Slaughter, Life in Zion (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1995), 6.

716.   The following story is told about the Joseph Glanvil family:
   Joseph was sent on a mission leaving a wife and a large family in Salt Lake City. Sister Glanvil did all she could to help with expenses, including baking bread to sell. One day as this mother had the bread cooling under a kitchen towel; she discovered someone had stolen from the window sill one loaf of the bread and the kitchen towel.
   A letter soon came from Elder Glanvil that described how he had found himself without funds and without food, exhausted and ill. He crawled under a bush for protection from the wind and rain, and in a prayer of desperation asked for not only food, but also assurance that he was truly on the Lord’s errand. As he finished his prayer, a loaf of warm bread wrapped in a kitchen towel that he recognized appeared beside him.
   When the letter was received by his faithful wife and family telling of this experience, they were assured that the Lord loved them and that their husband and father was on a mission that was the will of the Lord. From then on, it mattered not what hardship followed; they knew the Lord would be there to help them through it.
   The red and white kitchen towel accompanied this father for the rest of his mission, and today it has a sacred place among the posterity of the Glanvil family.
   Joseph Glanvil wrote, “What is impossible to all humanity may be possible to the metaphysics and physiology of angels.”
Lucille Johnson, Enjoy the Journey (American Fork, Utah: Covenant Communications, Inc., 1996), 173-74.

717.   The following is an event that Wilford Woodruff experienced on a mission in the Tennessee area:
   “The landlord wanted a little fun, so he said he would keep me if I would preach. He wanted to see if I could preach.
   “I must confess that by this time I became a little mischievous, and pleaded with him not to set me preaching.
   “The more I plead to be excused, the more determined Mr. Jackson was that I should preach. He took my valise, and the landlady got me a good supper.
   “I sat down in a large hall to eat supper. Before I got through, the room began to be filled with some of the rich and fashionable of Memphis, dressed in their broadcloth and silk, while my appearance was such as you can imagine, after traveling through the mud as I had been.
   “When I had finished eating, the table was carried out of the room over the heads of the people, I was placed in the corner of the room, with a stand having a Bible, hymn book and candle on it, hemmed in by a dozen men, with the landlord in the center.
   “There were present some five hundred persons who had come together, not to hear a good sermon, but to have some fun.
   “Now boys, how would you like this position? On your first mission, without a companion or friend, and to be called upon to preach to such a congregation? With me it was one of the most pleasing hours of my life, although I felt as though I should like company.
   “I read a hymn, and asked them to sing. Not a soul would sing a word.
   “I told them I had not the gift of singing; but with the help of the Lord I would both pray and preach. I knelt down to pray and the men around me dropped on their knees. I prayed to the Lord to give me His spirit and to show me the hearts of the people. I promised the Lord in my prayer I would deliver to that congregation whatever He would give to me. I arose and spoke one hour and a half and it was one of the best sermons of my life.
The lives of the congregation were opened to the vision of my mind, and I told them of their wicked deeds and the reward they would obtain. The men who surrounded me dropped their heads. Three minutes after I closed I was the only person in the room.
   “Soon I was shown to a bed, in a room adjoining a large one in which were assembled many of the men whom I had been preaching to. I could hear their conversation.
   “One man said, he would like to know how that “Mormon” boy knew of their past lives.
   “In a little while they got to disputing about some doctrinal point. One suggested calling me to decide the point. The landlord said ‘No, we have had enough for once.’
   “In the morning I had a good breakfast. The landlord said if I came that way again to stop at his house, and stay as long as I might choose.   
Leaves of My Journal, compiled by Preston Nibley (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1988), 23-24.

   718.   Samuel Brannan, an energetic Elder of the Church in the New York branch, was appointed to take charge of the Saints who should go to California by water. The ship “Brooklyn” was finally chartered at a cost of $1,200 a month for the journey. Over three hundred Saints asked for places. Two hundred and thirty-eight were finally taken at a total cost for passage of $50 each.
Berrett, William Edwin, The Restored Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1973), 230.

719.   The following is one of the agreements that the Government entered into with the Saints at the formation of the Mormon Battalion:
   On July 1, Captain Allen had been assured by Brigham Young that the Battalion would be raised. On the following day ten Indian chiefs, then near Council Bluffs, were brought before Captain Allen and induced to put their marks as signatures to a treaty guaranteeing to the Mormons the right to stop upon the Indian lands, to cultivate the soil, and to pass to and from through it without molestation.
Journal History of the Church, M.S., July 18, 1846, p. 91-100.

   720.   A further benefit was soon realized. The Battalion men were allowed to wear their regular clothing rather than uniforms, and were paid in advance for this clothing when the companies reached Fort Leavenworth. A years’ pay in advance for their clothing, at the rate of $3.50 per month, would mean $42.00 each, or $21,000 for the entire Battalion. The greater part of this was sent back to their families, together with their first month’s pay. Secret agents were also sent by the Saints to Santa Fe through which the Battalion would pass to bring back to the Camps of Israel the pay checks which would then have accrued. In a letter to the Battalion, Brigham Young said:
   “We consider the money you have received, as compensation for your clothing, a peculiar manifestation of the kind providence of our Heavenly Father at this particular time, which is just the time for the purchasing of provisions and goods for the winter supply of the camp.”
   The pay of the Battalion men ranged from $7.00 a month for privates to $50 a month for captains. At the end of one year’s service their equipment was to become the personal property of the men, on their discharge in California.
History of Mormon Church, American, March, 1912, p. 310.

721.   When the Mormon Battalion entered Santa Fe they received a one-hundred gun salute.
Berrett, William Edwin, The Restored Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1973), 241.

   722.   Captain Allen allowed the enlisted men to choose their officers with his approval. The enlisted men voted unanimously that Brigham Young nominate the officers for the men.
Golder, Frank, The March of the Mormon Battalion (New York: The Century Company, 1928), 123-124.

   723.   It’s interesting that Brigham Young addressed his battalion correspondence to Captain Jefferson Hunt and not Levi W. Hancock, one of the General Authorities who was one of the Seven Presidents of the Seventies at the time.
Authority Conflicts in the Mormon Battalion, Eugene E. Campbell, BYU Studies, Winter 68, p. 129.

  724.   The first group of Saints carried a leather boat across the plains with them which they named the “Revenue Cutter.” This boat was capable of handling loads of 1500-1800 pounds and was instrumental in ferrying the Saints across rivers, in addition to serving non-members on the Oregon Trail who would pay the Saints in flour.
Berrett, William Edwin, The Restored Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1973), 256.

Between June 18 to July 1, 1847, what is the traffic that the ferry handled?
   500 wagons with 1,553 of the Saints left the Elkhorn River to follow the trail the Pioneers had blazed. These companies had 2,213 oxen, 124 horses, 887 cows, 358 sheep, 716 chickens, and number of pigs.
Berrett, William Edwin, The Restored Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1973), 256.

   725.   Death frequently visited the Saints as they slowly made their way west. On 23 June 1850 the Crandall family numbered fifteen. By the week’s end seven had died of the dreaded plague of cholera. In the next few days five more family members died. Then on 30 June Sister Crandall died in childbirth along with her newborn baby.
Our Heritage, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1996), 76.

726.  Shortly after the Mormon troops came from Davies [Daviess], they received news that a company was gathered on Crooked River, and that some of them had been to some houses on Log Creek, in Caldwell, and ordered off the families, with severe threats if they were not off by sunrise the next morning. They took away their arms, and it was said, also burnt a wagon and a house, and took three men prisoners. On receiving this news, a company was fitted out to disperse them. Captain Fear-not (David W. Patten) commanded them.
John Corrill, A Brief History of the Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints (Commonly Called Mormons, Including an Account of their Doctrine and Discipline, with the Reasons of the Author for Leaving the Church) (St. Louis, n.p., 1839)

  727.   9 September 1845: Daniel Spencer has returned a few days ago from the West. He reported in substance as follows:-“Their mission was to the Seneca Indians. They proceeded to about 500 miles up the Missouri River. They there met brother Denay and from him learned that Dunham was dead. They tarried five weeks with the Stockbridge tribe. This tribe manifested great kindness towards them and the Mormon people. They have considerable knowledge of the Mormons and of what is going on; their interest seems to be identified with ours. From Denay they learned what the Cherokees had given permission for many number of our people to settle nearby them and were willing to lend us an assistance they could, or to go west with us to explore the country. George Herring has been with several tribes and says they are all friendly and seem to understand what is going on and are ready to render us any assistance they can. Many of the Stockbridge tribe are joined in with the Baptists but are dissatisfied. Their chief expects to be here about the 6th of October. They preached to them and they seem satisfied with our doctrine. From what brother Denay said they concluded it unnecessary to go to the Seneca tribe, they learned that Denay had accomplished what they were sent for.
William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings; http://www.boap.org/

  728.  The Battle of Nauvoo: There were only about 50 of the Mormon men against 2,000 of the mob, ten of them had to be on guard, two on top of the Temple with spy glasses. They went into Law's cornfield and there they had their battle, they were seen to fill two wagons with the wounded and killed. The next morning a woman stood in the second story house and saw the mob put 76 bodies in Calico slips with a draw string around the top before they left home. The Mormon women rolled the cannon balls up in their aprons, took them to our boys and they put them in the cannon and shoot them back again when they were hot. But there were a great many more missing, it was a fearful time. I could have crossed the river but I would not leave my husband. In about two days we had to surrender, lay down their arms. I saw the mob all dressed in black ride two by two on horseback. It looked frightful, they said there were 2,000 of them rode around the Temple in Nauvoo.
Autobiography of Tamma Durfee, Typescript, HBLL; htpp://www.boap.org/

729.   For the Ohio Observer.
Mr. Editor.
Dear Sir:- Having been for the last four years located in Kirtland, on the Western Reserve, I have thought proper to make some communication to the public in relation to the Mormons, a sect of Religious Fanatics, who are collected in this town. This service I have considered as due to the cause of humanity, as well as to the cause of truth and righteousness. What I have to communicate shall be said in the spirit of candor and christian charity.
   Mormonism, it is well known, originated with Joseph Smith in the town of Manchester, adjoining Palmyra, in the state of New York. Smith had previously been noted among his acquaintances as a kind of Juggler, and had been employed in digging after money. He was believed by the ignorant to possess the power of second sight, by looking through a certain stone in his possession. He relates that when he was 17 years of age, while seeking after the Lord he had a nocturnal vision, and a wonderful display of celestial glory. An angel descended and warned him that God was about to make an astonishing revelation to the world, and then directed him to go to such a place, and after prying up a stone he should find a number of plates of the color of gold inscribed with hieroglyphics, and under them a breastplate, and under that a transparent stone or stones which was the Urim and Thummim mentioned by Moses. The vision and the command were repeated four times that night and once on the following day. He went as directed by the angel, and pried up the stone under which he discovered the plates shining like gold, and when he saw them his cupidity was excited, and he hoped to make himself rich by the discovery, although thus highly favored by the Lord. But for his sordid and unworthy motive, when he attempted to seize hold of the plates, they eluded his grasp and vanished, and he was obliged to go home without them. It was not till four years had elapsed, till he had humbled himself and prayed and cast away his selfishness that he obtained a new revelation and went and obtained the plates.
   The manner of translation was as wonderful as the discovery. By putting his finger on one of the characters and imploring divine aid, then looking through the Urim and Thummim, he would see the import written in plain English on a screen placed before him. After delivering this to his amanuensis, he would again proceed in the same manner and obtain the meaning of the next character, and so on till he came to a part of the plates which were sealed up, and there was commanded to desist: and he says he has a promise from God that in due time he will enable him to translate the remainder. This is the relation as given by Smith. A man by the name of [Martin] Harris, of a visionary turn of mind, assisted in the translation, and afterwards Oliver Cowdery. By the aid of Harris's property, the book was printed; and it is affirmed by the people of that neighborhood, that at first his motives were entirely mercenary,--a mere money speculation. The book thus produced, is called by them The Book of Mormon; and is pretended to be of the same Divine Inspiration and authority as the Bible. The Mormons came in Kirtland about six years ago; being taught by their leaders that this was one of the stakes of Zion--the eastern borders of the promised land. Not long after their arrival in Kirtland, a revelation was obtained that the seat and center of Zion was in Jackson county, in the western part of Missouri; and thither a multitude of them repaired, with Smith at their head. Soon after they were routed and expelled from the county by the infidels, and many of them returned to Kirtland. There they have been gathering their converts from various parts of the United States, until their present number probably amounts to upwards of one thousand: besides the transient companies of pilgrims who come here from the east to inquire the way to Zion, and then pass on to Missouri.
   They have built a huge stone [Kirtland] temple in this town, fifty feet high, and 60 by 80 on the ground, at an expense of $40,000. On the front is this inscription, "The House of the Lord, built by the Latter-day Saints." The lower story is the place of worship, the middle for the school of the prophets, and the upper for an academical school; a distinguished professor of Hebrew is their teacher. He is now giving his second course, with about one hundred in each class.
   While I am exposing these palpable impositions of the apostles of Mormonism, candor obliges me to say, that many of the common people are industrious, good neighbors, very sincerely deceived, and possibly very sincere Christians. They seem to delight in the duty of prayer, and the services of devotion, and their zeal goes far beyond anything seen among sober Christ-Christians. Some are enterprising and intelligent, conversant with the bible, and fond of reading: and here, I apprehend, many who have heard of them only by common report, are mistaken; supposing them all to be ignorant and degraded, and beneath the notice of all respectable people. The prevalence of religious delusion is not to be attributed so much to mere ignorance, as to the structure and prejudices and pernicious habits of the mind, a predisposition to be captivated with anything that is new or wonderful.
   It is furthermore proper to notice that this religious sect have been slandered, and belied, and persecuted beyond measure. We entirely disapprove of those violent measures which have been taken with them in Missouri and some other places; 1st, because it is an outrage upon inalienable rights--all men justly claiming to be protected in the enjoyment of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and 2d, because it is unwise; persecution being the most effectual way to build up fanatics in error and delusion. But since there is a certain class in every community who are predisposed to embrace any wild delusion which chances to meet them, and since many such have already been deceived and lured away to Kirtland and to Zion and have been disappointed and distressed, and reduced to poverty and want; and, moreover, since there are now many converts abroad who are looking to this place with longing eyes, as to a land flowing with milk and honey, and expecting, when they find the means of getting here, to bid farewell to all earthly sorrow, we think the world have a right to know the state of things among them. Many of them live in extreme indigence. They suffer accumulated evils by crowding a multitude of poor people together, when, by a wider distribution, they might have better means of supplying their wants. Some of them are wealthy, and they have purchased 3 or 4000 acres of land in different parts of this town. A grotesque assemblage of hovels and shanties and small houses have been thrown up wherever they could find a footing; but very few of all these cabins would be accounted fit for human habitations.
Truman Coe "Mormonism," The Ohio Observer (Hudson), 11 August 1836
Reprinted in The Cincinnati Journal and Western Luminary, 25 August 1835 (p. 4)

730.    President Young responded with the following to a New York newspaper editor’s inquiry:
   “The result of my labors for the past 26 years, briefly summed up, are: The peopling of this Territory by the Latter-day Saints of about 100,000 souls; the founding of over 200 cities, towns and villages inhabited by our people, . . . and the establishment of schools, factories, mills and other institutions calculated to improve and benefit our communities. . . .
Our Heritage, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1996), 91.

731.   The following is a letter that George Foote sent to Warren Foote. George, the non-member father to Warren, quotes a newspaper article and Warren (who is a member of the Church) responds in his journal to the article. The article has reference to the Missouri/Mormon problems.
   Ypsilanti bank has broke, with hundreds and thousands of dollars of its paper palmed on the public; while the stockholders make themselves, and friends rich by it. I will give you a short sketch published in the Advocate that I received yesterday.
   "It is hard to tell which party were the aggressors. It is the prevailing sentiment, so far as I can learn, that the Mormons committed the first depredations, in the character of a mob, and such was the excitement, that the militia were twice called out to suppress the gathering. After the troops were called home the last time, the Mormons commenced burning, plundering, taking prisoners, and threatening to murder every thing in Daviess County. The apprehensions of the citizens, of Ray County were so fearful, that they thought their safety required a guard to be placed on the line between Caldwell and Ray Counties. This guard consisted of about 45 soldiers, legally ordered out. [Battle of Crooked River] They were attacked in the night, by about 100 Mormons, and some were killed, and wounded on both sides. This defiance of the laws kindled a flame in the bosom of every patriot. The country was soon in arms, and things began to wear a gloomy and awful aspect. Vengeance seemed determined on both sides.
   The Mormons rallied to their strong hold, men, women and children, to witness the fulfillment of prophecy viz. that God would send angels to fight their battles. Never did there seem to be more depending on an action; the truth, or falsehood of prophecy, was to be tested by it, the fate of hundreds were depending on the issue. Both parties seemed certain of victory.
   The day, the hour, at last came. 3000 citizens were encamped within half a mile of the village of Far West. They were marched to the town, and a line of battle formed. An engagement was expected, but prevented (blessed be God) by a truce, until an unconditional surrender was made. Their leaders were given up prisoners of war, and there grounded at the feet of their enemies.
   About 50 Mormons have been killed during the war. Since their surrender, a company of Mormons, calling themselves Danites, that had entered into a conspiracy against the government have been detected and about 50 are now in Richmond jail. There is no doubt but both parties are to blame, and I rejoice to say, that it is the determination of the officers to punish all who have acted as a mob on both sides. The state of Missouri will have to pay dear for such acts. Two hundred thousand dollars would not pay the expense, it is thought. What I have stated I have done on the veracity of men, who were in the war. I have had no share in it; more than to stay home and defend my family. Their condition is truly deplorable. Their lands are taken to pay their debts; they are without homes, without money, and without friends. Let the followers of the humane Jesus, as far as they can, relieve their distress, by feeding the hungry and clothing the naked." Signed H. L. Dodds. Independence Mo. (Nov. 22nd 1838)
   I want you to write as soon as you get this--do not delay. As I have run ashore of paper I am obliged to close. George Foote.

The following is Warren’s reply to his father’s letter:
   The foregoing letters were all written on one double sheet of paper. I answered all of George’s queries and corrected the statements made by H. L. Dodds. The Mormons were not the first aggressors, neither did they threaten to murder every thing in Daviess County. The mobbers commenced plundering, and threatened to drive all the Mormons from that county, and when they found that the Mormons were to much for them, they set fire to their own houses, and fled into the adjoining counties, and spread the report that the Mormons had burned their houses, and drove them from their homes. Previous to this, the mobbers took some of the Mormons prisoners, and treated them most illy. One person they beat over the head with a gun barrel until his brains oozed out, and left him for dead, but he afterward recovered. I saw him in Illinois and examined his head. I could have lain my finger in the wound after it was healed. The Mormons did not feel justified, to tamely submit to such brutal treatment to have their brethren murdered in cold blood, their women ravished, and their property destroyed by these devils in human shape. After appealing in vain to the authorities of the state, they found that they would have to protect themselves or be destroyed, therefore they arose en masse, and put a stop to mobbing in Daviess County. But when they found that the Governor had ordered the militia of the state to march to Far West, and take them prisoners, they threw down their arms, and submitted to banishment, trusting in the God of Israel for that protection, which the governor had refused them, who instead of protecting them in their rights, as American Citizens, had ordered his Generals to exterminate them.
Autobiography of Warren Foote, Typescript, HBLL; http://www.boap.org/

   732.   Many people feared that the Nauvoo Legion, due to its size and training, would most likely attack the local citizenry at the preference of its leaders. Newspapers were largely responsible for these claims as it was said that the Legion will attack such places as Missouri, Texas, Mexico, and even the United States.
Chillicothe Intelligencer, July 1, 1843; The Freeman, July 23, 1842; Lee County Democrat, May 14, 1842

733.   Not everything written about the Church was negative. Read the following:
From the Quincy (Illinois) Argus, March 16, 1839
   We give in today's paper the details of the recent bloody tragedy acted in Missouri--the details of a scene of terror and blood unparalleled in the annals of modern, and under the circumstances of the case, in ancient history--a tragedy of so deep, and fearful, and absorbing interest, that the very life-blood of the heart is chilled at the simple contemplation. We are prompted to ask ourselves if it be really true, that we are living in an enlightened, a humane and civilized age--in an age and quarter of the world boasting of its progress in every thing good, and great, and honorable, and virtuous, and high-minded--in a country of which, as American citizens, we could be proud--whether we are living under a constitution and laws, or have not rather returned to the ruthless times of the stern Atilla--to the times of the fiery Hun, when the sword and flame ravaged the fair fields of Italy and Europe, and the darkest passions held full revel in all the revolting scenes of unchecked brutality, and unbridled desire?
   We have no language sufficiently strong for the expression of our indignation and shame at the recent transaction in a sister state--and that state Missouri--a state of which we had long been proud, alike for her men and history, but now so fallen, that we could wish her star stricken out from the bright constellation of the Union. We say we know of no language sufficiently strong for the expression of our shame and abhorrence of her recent conduct. She has written her own character in letters of blood--and stained it by acts of merciless cruelty and brutality that the waters of ages cannot efface. It will be observed that an organized mob aided by many of the civil and military officers of Missouri, with Governor Boggs at their head, have been the prominent actors in this business, incited too, it appears, against the Mormons by political hatred, and by the additional motives of plunder and revenge. They have but too well put in execution their threats of extermination and expulsion, and fully wreaked their vengeance on a body of industrious and enterprising men, who had never wronged, nor wished to wrong them, but on the contrary had ever comported themselves as good and honest citizens, living under the same laws and having the same right with themselves to the sacred immunities of life, liberty, and property.

The following advertisement was placed by Joseph Smith Sr. in the Wayne Sentinel, which was printed in Palmyra, on six successive Wednesdays from September to November of 1824. This ad was placed to those who had started a rumor that Alvin Smith’s body had been dug up from its grave and mutilated.
To the Public
   Whereas reports have been industriously put in circulation, that my son Alvin had been removed from the place of his interment and dissected, which reports, every person possessed of human sensibility must know, are peculiarly calculated to harrow up the mind of apparent and deeply wound the feelings of relation—therefore, for the purpose, I, with some of my neighbors, this morning repaired to the grave, and removing the earth, found the body which had not been disturbed.
   This method is taken for the purpose of satisfying the minds of those who may have heard the report, and of informing those who have put it in circulation, that it is earnestly requested they would desist therefrom; and that it is believed by some, that they have been stimulated more by a desire to injure the reputation of certain persons than a philanthropy for the peace and welfare of myself and friends.   Joseph Smith.
Palmyra, Sept. 25th, 1824.
Wayne Sentinel

734.   The following is in reference to the Book of Mormon. Remember 5,000 copies were printed in that first edition.
    Now came the great task of publishing the manuscript as a book. For perspective, consider that large print jobs of that day were 2,000 copies of a two-to three-page pamphlet or 1,000 copies of a book.
   Joseph and Oliver searched for a printer who would take on the mammoth order they had in mind-5,000 copies of a 590-page book.
Scot Facer Proctor, Witness of the Light (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1991), 77.

   735.  Looking back at that era, current mayor of Quincy, Illinois, Charles W. Scholz, suggests, “In 1839 there were about 1,500 people here in Quincy. And those settlers welcomed 5,000 Mormons, that had been forcibly driven from the state of Missouri under harsh winter conditions, had walked across the frozen Mississippi. And, they were offered food and clothing and shelter. Now to put that in perspective, that would be like the 42,000 residents of Quincy today taking care of 150,000 refugees. . . . That is one of the most incredible acts of humanity, I think, in the history of this country.”
Heidi S. Swinton, Sacred Stone (American Fork, Utah: Covenant Communications, Inc., 2002), 24.

736. The following is a listing of what Henry Bigler, his father, and John Chase took with them on the Mormon Trail:
   Outfit of five wagons, nine horses, six of which are good serviceable horses, two yoke of oxen, one thousand pounds of flour, twelve bushels of cornmeal, two bushels of parch cornmeal, three hundred and fifty pounds of biscuit or sea bread, one hundred and fifty pounds meat, two bushels of seed buck wheat and one hundred pounds of fall wheat, and a variety of garden seeds. Two set of plows, one shovel plow, two spades, two hoes, two froes, one iron wedge, five angers, thirty pounds of iron, 20 extra horseshoes, thirty pounds cutnails, one extra king bolt, two three quartered bots, two light draft chains, fifty pounds of soap, one hundred papers of smoking tobacco, three rifle guns, three muskets, one brace of belt pistols, two kegs of powder, 100 lbs. of lead. . . .
Autobiography of Henry William Bigler, Typescript HBLL, htpp://www.boap.org/

737.   Mr. Cowdery was an able lawyer and a great advocate. His manners were easy and gentlemanly; he was polite, dignified, yet courteous. He had an open countenance, high forehead, dark brown eyes, Roman nose, clenched lips and prominent lower jaw. He shaved smooth and was neat and cleanly in his person. He was of light stature, about five feet, five inches high, and had a loose, easy walk. With all his kind and friendly disposition, there was a certain degree of sadness that seemed to pervade his whole being. His association with others was marked by the great amount of information his conversation conveyed and the beauty of his musical voice. His addresses to the court and jury were characterized by a high order of oratory, with brilliant and forensic force. He was modest and reserved, never spoke ill of anyone, never complained.
William Lang to Thomas Gregg, 5 Nov 1881, cit. Charles A. Shook, The True Origin of The Book of Mormon (Cincinnati: Standard Publishing Co., 1914), 56-57.

   738.   As the result of a severe cold, contracted sometime during 1849, he [Oliver Cowdery] became infected with the dreaded disease known then as "consumption," which brought about his death on March 3, 1850. Oliver Cowdery, at the time, was a few months past his 43rd birthday. Of his death, David Whitmer, who was present, relates:
"Oliver died the happiest man I ever saw. After shaking hands with the family and kissing his wife and daughter, he said: `Now I lay me down for the last time: I am going to my Savior'; and he died immediately with a smile on his face."

739.   The following experience is related by Wilford Woodruff:
   When Father Joseph Smith gave me my patriarchal blessing, among the many wonderful things of my life, he promised me that I should bring my father’s household into the kingdom of God, and I felt that if I ever obtained the blessing, the time had come for me to perform it.
   By the help of God, I preached the gospel faithfully to my father’s household and to all that were with him, as well as to my other relatives, and I had appointed a meeting on Sunday, the 1st of July, at my father’s home.
   My Father was believing my testimony, as were all in his household, but upon this occasion the devil was determined to hinder the fulfillment of the promise of the patriarch unto me.
   It seemed as though Lucifer, the son of the morning, had gathered together the hosts of hell and exerted his powers upon us all. Distress overwhelmed the whole household, and all were tempted to reject the work. And it seemed as though the same power would devour me. I had to take to my bed for an hour before the time of meeting. I there prayed unto the Lord with my whole soul for deliverance, for I knew the power of the devil was exercised to hinder me from accomplishing what God had promised me.
   The Lord heard my prayer and answered my petition, and when the hour of meeting had come I arose from my bed, and could sing and shout for joy to think I had been delivered from the power of the evil one.
   Filled with the power of God, I stood up in the midst of the congregation and preached the gospel of Jesus Christ unto the people in great plainness.
   At the close of the meeting we assembled on the banks of the Farmington River, “because there was much water there,” and I led six of my friends into the river and baptized them for the remission of their sins.
   All of my father’s household were included in this number, according to the promise of the Patriarch. They were all relatives except Dwight Webster, who was a Methodist class-leader and was boarding with my father’s family.
   I organized the small number of nine persons, eight of whom were my relatives, into a branch of the Church, and ordained Dwight Webster to the office of a Priest and administered the sacrament unto them.
   It was truly a day of joy to my soul. My father, step-mother and sister were among the number baptized. I afterwards added a number of relatives. I felt that this days’ work alone amply repaid me for all my labor in the ministry.
   Who can comprehend the joy, the glory, the happiness and consolation that an Elder of Israel feels in being an instrument in the hands of God of bringing his father, mother, sister, brother, or any of the posterity of Adam through the door that enters into life and salvation? No man can, unless he has experienced these things, and possesses the testimony of Jesus Christ and the inspiration of Almighty God.
Leaves of My Journal, Preston Nibley comp., (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1988), 59-61.

740.   Kirtland, Ohio, December 22, 1835 [Letter from Michael H. Chandler]
Dear Brother in the Lord [William Frye]:
   . . . Upon the subject of the Egyptian records, or rather the writings of Abraham and Joseph, and may I say a few words. This record is beautifully written in papyrus with black, and a small part, red ink or paint, in perfect preservation. The characters are such as you find upon the coffins of mummies, hieroglyphics and etc., with many characters or letters exactly like the present, though perhaps not quite so square form of the Hebrew without points.
   These records were obtained from one of the catacombs in Egypt, near the place where once stood the renowned city of Thebes, by the celebrated French traveller Antonio Sebolo [Lebolo], in the year 1831. He procured license from Mohemet Ali, then Viceroy of Egypt under the protection of Chevralier [Chevalier] Drovetti, the French Consul, in the year 1828; employed 433 men four months and two days, (if I understood correctly, Egyptian or Turkish soldiers), at from four to six cents per diem, each man; entered the catacomb June 7, 1831, and obtained eleven mummies. There were several hundred mummies in the same catacomb. About one hundred embalmed after the first order and deposited and placed in niches and two or three hundred after the second and third order, and laid upon the floor or bottom of the grand cavity, the two last orders of embalmed were so decayed that they could not be removed and only eleven out of the first, found in the niches.
   On his way from Alexandria to Paris he put in at Trieste, and after ten days illness, expired. This was in the year 1832. Previous to his decease, he made a will of the whole to Mr. Michael H. Chandler, then in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, his nephew, whom he supposed to have been in Ireland.
   Accordingly the whole were sent to Dublin, addressed according, and Mr. Chandler's friends ordered them sent to New York where they were received at the customhouse in the winter or spring of 1833. In April of the same year Mr. Chandler paid the duties upon his mummies and took possession of the same. Up to this time they had not been taken out of the coffins nor the coffins opened.
   On opening the coffins he discovered that in connection with two of the bodies were something rolled up with the same kind of linen, saturated with the same bitumen, which when examined proved to be two rolls of papyrus, previously mentioned. I may add that two or three other small pieces of papyrus, with astronomical calculations, epitaphs, etc., were found with others of the mummies.
   When Mr. Chandler discovered that there was something with the mummies, he supposed or hoped it might be some diamonds or other valuable metal, and was no little chagrined when he saw his disappointment. He was immediately told while yet in the customhouse, that there was no man in that city, who could translate his rolls; but was referred by the same gentleman, (a stranger) to Mr. Joseph Smith, Jr., who continued [that] he possess some kind of power or gift by which he had previously translated similar characters. Brother Smith was then unknown to Mr. Chandler. Neither did he know that such a book or work as the record of the Nephites had been brought before the public. From New York he took his collection to Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania], where he exhibited them for a compensation. The following is a certificate put into my hands by Mr. Chandler, which he obtained while in Philadelphia and will show the opinion of the scientific of that city:
   "Having examined with considerable attention and deep interest, a number of mummies from the catacombs, near Thebes, in Egypt and now exhibiting in the Arcade, we beg leave to recommend them to the observation of the curious inquirer on subjects of a period so long elapsed; probably not less than three thousand years ago.
   "The features of some of the mummies are in perfect expression. The papyrus covered with black or red ink, or paint, in excellent preservation, are very interesting. The undersigned, unsolicited by any person connected by interest with this exhibition, have voluntarily set their names hereunto, for the simple purpose of calling the attention of the public to an interesting collection, not sufficiently known in this city." signed
John Redman Cone, M.D., E. H. Rivinius, M.D., Richard Harlan, M.D., J. Pencoat, M.D., Wm. P. C. Barton, M.D., Samuel G. Morgan, M.D."

   While Mr. Chandler was in Philadelphia he used every exertion to find someone who would give him the translation of his papyrus, but could not satisfactorily, though from some few men of the `first eminence' he obtained in a small degree the translation of a few characters.
   Here he was referred to Brother Smith. From Philadelphia he visited Harrisburg, [Pennsylvania] and other places east of the mountains, and was frequently referred to Brother Smith for the translation of his Egyptian relic.
   It would be beyond my purpose to follow this gentleman in his different circuits to the time he visited this place, the last of June or first of July, at which time he presented Brother Smith with his papyrus. Till then neither myself nor Brother Smith knew of such relics being in America. Mr. Chandler was told that his writings could be deciphered, and very politely gave me privileges of copying some four or five different sentences or separate pieces, stating at the same time, that unless he found someone who "could give him a translation soon he would carry them to London."
   I am a little in advance of my narrative. The morning Mr. Chandler first presented his papyrus to Brother Smith, he was shown by the latter, a number of characters like those upon the writings of Mr. C. [Chandler] which were previously copied from the plates containing the history of the Nephites, or Book of Mormon.
   Being solicited by Mr. Chandler to give an opinion concerning his antiquities, or a translation of some of the characters, Brother J. [Joseph] gave him the interpretation of some few for his satisfaction. For your gratification I will here annex a certificate which I hold, from under the hand of Mr. Chandler, unsolicited however, by any person in this place, which will show how far he believed Brother Smith able to unfold from these long obscure rolls, the wonders obtained thereon:
"Kirtland July 6th, 1835
   This is to make known to all who may be desirous, concerning the knowledge of Mr. Joseph Smith, Jr., in deciphering the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic characters, in my possession, which I have, in many eminent cities, shown to the most learned; and from the information that I could ever learn, or meet with, I find that Mr. Joseph Smith, Jr., to correspond in the most minute matters.
Signed Michael H. Chandler
Traveling with and proprietor of Egyptian Mummies."
   The foregoing is verbatim as given by Mr. Chandler excepting the addition of punctuation, and speaks sufficiently plain without requiring comment from me and it was given previous to the purchase of the antiquities, by any person here.
   The language in which this record is written is very comprehensive, and many of the hieroglyphics exceedingly striking.
Oliver Cowdery Letters, Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California (hereafter cited as Huntington), letters of Oliver Cowdery cited in Stanley R. Gunn, Oliver Cowdery: Second Elder and Scribe (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1962) and LDS Church Archives. With the exception of two letters, the letters in this collection have been printed in Gunn's work and were located at the time of the publication of that work in the Huntington Library or Church Archives.

741. The following from the journal of Warren Foote dated May 13, 1837:
   13th. The rest of our company being somewhat anxious to see the Prophet Joseph, and the Temple, concluded to accompany Father, and myself to Kirtland. We hired a man to take us to that place for $5.00-distant 12 miles. We arrived there about noon. In the afternoon we went into the [Kirtland] Temple, and saw the mummies and the records which were found with them (we went to the prophet's house to see him. This is the first I saw him, and shook hands with him). Joseph Smith Sen. explained them to us, and said the records were the writings of Abraham & Joseph, Jacob's son. Some of the writing was in black, and some in red. He said that the writing in red, was pertaining to the Priesthood.
Autobiography of Warren Foote, Typescript, HBLL; htpp://www.boap.org/

742.   What was the purchasing price that Joseph Smith paid for the Egyptian mummies?
Prolegomena to Any Study of the Book of Abraham, Hugh Nibley, BYU Studies, Winter 68, p. 181.

743.   The following is an incident that happened as a result of a member trying to get Saints in Iowa to sell their property and move to Nauvoo.
   There was an elder by the name of James Carl. He had formerly been a Methodist preacher and very enthusiastic. He got the whole branch excited in relation to the judgments of God that was to precede the coming of the Messiah. He made the members of the branch believe that these instructions were to take place almost immediately, and that our land would be of no benefit to us. But I still opposed selling. This same James Carl had visited a small branch about 30 miles up the river and raised an excitement in the settlement. The inhabitants being very much enraged in consequence of his preaching false doctrine. So Alva Tippits was appointed to that mission. He invited me and Benjamin Leyland to accompany him up there. James Carl also went along, intruding himself on the company.
   On arriving at the place, we found the citizens very much exasperated and forbid the branch holding any more meetings. Alva Tippits called a council of the elders to decide what to do. And it was agreed to appoint a meeting the next day at 12 o’clock. The appointed time arrived and the house filled up for the meeting.
   The opening services being concluded Brother Leyland arose to speak to the people, when announcement was given that the mob was coming. There were about 40 of them armed with clubs and bowie knives and pistols. They marched upon the door full of rage, cursing and swearing and damning old Joe Smith and the Mormons, brandishing their clubs and knives in the air. At this the congregation became frightened, the women and children were crying screaming, and then all rushed out the back door as the mob were coming in the front door. Leyland stopped preaching. James Carl crouched up in the corner under the desk and Leyland followed suit. This left Brother Tippits and myself to face the music. The house being filled with an infuriated mob. I sprang upon one of the benches and said,
   “Gentlemen don’t be excited. I am an American citizen and I presume you are also Americans. We enjoy the liberty, the rights and privileges that our fathers fought for in the Revolutionary war and many of them laid down their lives to secure us the privilege we now enjoy, or living on our farms and pleasant houses unmolested. I was a volunteer in the Blackhawk war and ventured my life to reach this country, the Iowa Territory, from the hands of the Indians, even this land on which you have your homes. My father also was a volunteer in the War of 1812 and ventured his life for the protection of our liberties. My grandfather was a commander on the seas and commanded a large fleet and fought one of the most decisive battles in the Revolutionary War. We as American citizens are enjoying the fruits of their sufferings and labors. We wish you to enjoy the privileges of living on your farms unmolested. We have not come here out of any evil motives. We believe in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost. We came here to have a visit with the folks up here and to have a little meeting. Now I ask you kindly if you have any objections to our having a little prayer meeting this evening? And as far as the Mormons are concerned you will never be disturbed in the enjoyment of your homes and your rights and privileges. And after our meeting we will return to our homes.”
   They listened to my remarks with marked attention. The captain of the mob stepped upon a bench and said,
   “That does not agree with the ideas we have heard about the Mormons. We believe them to be the most wicked, corrupt, scoundrels that live upon the earth. And as to your believing the Bible, you are as far from it as the East to the West. We want no more Mormon meetings in our settlement. Yet, I don’t know that I have any objections to your having a meeting this evening.”
   He then asked his company if they were willing that we should have a meeting to which they agreed. So they went to their homes. And then Leyland and Carl crawled out from under the desk. Appointment was given out for a meeting that evening.
   The time came, the house was crowed, and among the audience was the mob. The meeting opened, the privilege was given for anyone to speak that wished to. Several of the brethren bore testimony to the truth of Mormonism. Some of the sisters spoke in tongues. Also some of the brethren spoke in tongues and prophesied. We had a splendid meeting. I was moved upon to speak in a language unknown to me. At this the Captain of the mob got up and said no one could deny but that was a pure language, but how do we know but that they have learned that language. There was the most strict attention paid to everything that was said. The meeting was dismissed and the best to feelings enjoyed by all, both Saints and mob.
Autobiography of Lewis Barney, http://www.boap.org/

744.   Letter of Alfred Cordon to Joseph Smith:
   Some of the tools of Satan are doing more in spreading the truth than we are able to do; one in particular, a Mr. Brindley, is publishing a periodical showing the “errors and blasphemies” of “Mormonism;” and in order to do this, he publishes many of the revelations of God given to us, and through this means, the testimony is visiting the mansions of the high and mighty ones-the “reverends, high reverends” and all the noble champions of sectarians receive them as a precious morsel; and they are read with much interest; whereas, if we had sent them, they would have been spurned from their dwellings, and would not have been considered worth reading.
Joseph Smith Jr., History of the Church (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1950), 4:515.

745.   The following is from John Corrill. He wrote this after he had left the church. Brother Corrill has an interesting perspective on what it is people should have done if they wanted to rid the world of Mormonism:
   The high priests, elders and priests, have from the commencement of the Church, labored indefatigably to proclaim the gospel and gain disciples, and they have generally been successful, though strongly opposed. On the sixth day of April, 1830, there were but six members in the Church, but now their members are differently estimated from ten to forty thousand, though, in my opinion, there are from twelve to twenty thousand. Much exertion has been used to confute and put down their doctrine and belief, but as foolish as it is, their elders have generally been able to compete with and baffle their opponents. Several publications have appeared against them, as well as newspaper prints, but the misfortune generally has been, that they contained so much misrepresentation, that it has destroyed the confidence of the public in the truth they did contain. Men of influence in the Church have, at different times, turned against it, become its violent enemies, and tried to destroy it, but generally without success. If Smith, Rigden [Rigdon] and others, of the leaders, had managed wisely and prudently, in all things, and manifested truly a Christian spirit, it would have been very difficult to put them down. But their imprudence and miscalculations, and manifest desire for power and property, have opened the eyes of many, and did more to destroy them than could possibly have been done otherwise. My opinion is, that if the Church had been let alone by the citizens, they would have divided and subdivided so as to have completely destroyed themselves and their power, as a people, in a short time.
John Corrill, A Brief History of the Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints (Commonly Called Mormons, Including an Account of their Doctrine and Discipline, with the Reasons of the Author for Leaving the Church) (St. Louis, n.p., 1839).

746. The following is a letter from Oliver Cowdery.
Kirtland, January 21, 1834
Dear Brothers Wm. [William W. Phelps] and John [Whitmer]:
I am yet alive and anxiously wait till the Lord grants us the privilege of meeting again.
Our office is yet in the brick building, though we expect in the spring to move on the hill near the Methodist meeting house. Our enemies have threatened us but thank the Lord we are yet on earth. They came out on the 8th about 12 o'clock at night, a little west and fired cannon. We suppose to alarm us, but no one was frightened, but all prepared to defend ourselves if they made a sally upon our houses.
My love to Elizabeth,
Write again that I may publish it.
Oliver Cowdery
   Oliver Cowdery Letters, Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California (hereafter cited as Huntington), letters of Oliver Cowdery cited in Stanley R. Gunn, Oliver Cowdery: Second Elder and Scribe (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1962) and LDS Church Archives. With the exception of two letters, the letters in this collection have been printed in Gunn's work and were located at the time of the publication of that work in the Huntington Library or Church Archives.

   747.   But about the setting in of winter mobocracy, which had been gradually increasing after the settling of the Mormons in that part of the country, gained a fearful climax, in so much that it was really unsafe to be known as such. In Farmington, a place five miles from Bonepart, they would take a man if they knew he was a Mormon and hang him up to a tree or anything that would answer their purpose in the street in open daylight. They would hang him until nearly dead before taking him down. One old man by the name of McBride, an old revolutionary soldier, died in consequence of the hanging. They would also cut holes in the ice in the river and hold them in the water until nearly dead. These outrages were perpetrated without preferring any charge. But these outrages, although of frequent occurrence, did not satisfy their diabolical thirst for malice and unprovoked spite. The spirit which raged with violence and savage cruelty in Illinois and Missouri was exhibited in Farmington in the vindictive spirit in which they sought to harass and persecute the Saints.
Autobiography of Eliza Dana Gibbs, Typescript, UHI; http://www.boap.org/

748.   The following event takes place at Jackson County, Missouri.
   On Tuesday [1833], when the mob again assembled, they went to the houses of several of the leading Mormons; and, taking Isaac Morley, David Whitmer, and others, they told them to bid their families farewell, for they would never see them again. Then driving them at the point of the bayonet to the public square, they stripped and tarred and feathered them, amidst menaces and insults. The commanding officer then called twelve of his men, and ordering them to cock their guns and present them at the prisoner's breasts, and to be ready to fire when he gave the word,--he addressed the prisoners, threatening them with instant death, unless they denied the book of Mormon and confessed it to be a fraud; at the same time adding, that if they did so, they might enjoy the privileges of citizens. David Whitmer, hereupon, lifted up his hands and bore witness that the Book of Mormon was the Word of God. The mob then let them go.
“Facts Relative to the Expulsion of the Mormon’s or Latter-day Saints, From the State of Missouri, Under the ‘Exterminating Order,’” John P. Greene (Cincinnati: R.P. Brooks, 1839).

749.  The following is in reference to the Missouri persecutions:
   In order that it may be fully understood what were the relative states of mind of the Mormons and the people of Daviess County, at this time, reference may be made to a letter from Major George Woodward to his wife, which was seen and read by me, John P. Greene, to whom Mrs. Woodward showed it. It was dated headquarters, Daviess County. He says, that after having been patrolling Daviess County for the last two days, for the purpose of ascertaining where the fault lay, and who were under arms, he had found many of the people of Daviess and other counties armed and apparently hostile to the Mormons; and that having visited the city of Adam-ondi-Ahman, to his great astonishment, instead of block-houses and entrenchments and cannon, as had been reported by the citizens of Daviess County, he had found a poor but industrious people, living in pole houses, and no men under arms, but each engaged about his own business. He continues he is surprised to see such violence of feeling existing against a people who seem so inoffensive.
“Facts Relative to the Expulsion of the Mormons or Latter-day Saints, From the State of Missouri, Under the Exterminating Order,’” John P. Greene (Cincinnati: R. P. Brooks, 1839).

750.   We have often heard how Alexander Doniphan disobeyed General Moses Wilsons command to have Joseph Smith and other Church leaders executed the next morning at Far West. Apparently, according to the Alanson Ripley, Joseph Smith had others on his side.
   There were seventeen officers who composed this court martial and twelve out of seventeen consented to the death of these men, but thank God there was virtue enough in the minority to overrule the infamy of the majority, therefore their lives were spared.
Times and Seasons, Vol. 1. No. 3., Commerce, Illinois, January, 1840.


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